The main concept of belief for the Presbyterians originated back in the 16th century. They are a branch of Calvinism, a religion founded by John Calvin.
John Knox founded the Presbyterian Church in Scotland in 1560. He was a author, theologian, and a leader of Reformation in Scotland.
Many early members came from England, Scotland, and Ireland. The First Covenant was a document created and signed by Scottish nobles to adopt Calvinism, abolish papal power, and official establish Presbyterianism. John Witherspoon convened the first assembly.
The first American Presbytery was located in Philadelphia, 1706. The "Great Awakening" revived the faith, led by Jonathan Edwards and Gilbert Tennant.
The Presbyterians don't have an official leader like the Catholic Pope, but they do have leading councils.
Steven J. Corwin is the president and chief executive officer of the New York Presbyterian Church.
The congregation is the head of the Presbyterian church. The congregation runs the commissions the session and the Deccan board. The session runs the presbytery which runs the synod. The synod and presbytery runs the general assembly.