The soil was very rocky so it was difficult to grow wheat so they grew corn, pumpkins, rye, squash, and beans instead. They also fished and went whaling to manufacture into goods for trade. An example is Whale Oil which was used in lamps.
They also manufactured ships, and Concentrated in manufacturing and focused on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacturing and export of Rum. But in some parts the men were sailors, women farming hands, and the children cared for the sheep.