Civil Rights Terms By Hannah Rothman and Isaac Dorsey

Dred Scott Decision

The Dred Scott Decision 1857

A slave names Dred Scott traveled to Illinoise and Minnesota and claimed that he should be freed since he was in free territory but the court ruled unconstitutional and said that he would never be free or become a U.S. citizen

Emancipation proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation 1863

The Emancipation proclamation was ordered by Abraham Lincoln that declared that all slaves were to be set free in confederate states but they were separating from the U.S. and didn't think they had to follow the order

13th amendment

13th Amendment 1865

After the Civil war Abraham Lincoln wanted to end slavery everywhere in the U.S. so he made the 13th amendment that banned any sort of slavery and canceled out any old laws that supported slavery. It was ratified even though it wasn't unanimous

14th amendment

14th Amendment 1868

The 14th amendment stated that any person born in the U.S. was a citizen, regardless of any race, and that the Dred Scott decision was unconstitutional

15th amendment

15th amendment 1870

The 15th amendment states that any male citizen can vote no matter what rece they were

separate but equal

Seprate but equal 1896

This was also known as the famous " Plessy vs Ferguson" case. It was the case were the Supreme Court decided that decided that black and white people could be segregated as long as everything was equal

Brown vs. Board of Education

Brown vs the board of education 1954

this case made the supreme court decide that segregated schools was unconstitutional. After that, white and black people could go to school together.

Bus Boycott

Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955

In 1955, black people were forced to sit in the back of the bus so white people could sit in the front. one day a woman named Rosa Parks decided to not give up her seat and was soon thrown in jail for over a year. Because of that black people boycotted buses until the supreme court decided it was unconstitutional to segregate buses

Little Rock nine

Little Rock Nine 1957

When the law that segregating schools is unconstitutional was made. Nobody really changed anything. The Souths mentality was you are going to haft to force me to do it. So the president sent military to escorted nine kids into schools while crowds of people everyday yelled at the kids.

Sit-ins

1960 Sit- ins

all restaurants and other diner in the south were still segregated. one day four black college students decided to sit at the counter. The counter was for white people only and the waiters did not serve them. The students still did not get up because it was there way of peacefully protesting segregation. after that man more Sit- ins happened.

Ruby Bridges

1960 Ruby Bridges

A little girl named Ruby Bridges was escorted by military into a all white school. they were met everyday by the crowds of people protesting it. Many white parents decided to pull out their kids because of Ruby. Ruby staid and graduated high school.

Freedom Riders

Freedom Riders 1961

the freedom riders were people the that rode in buses to segregated parts of the south and help peacefully protest. The freedom were many different races of people that thought segregation was wrong.

James Meredith

James Meredith 1962

Some colleges were segregated to. James Meredith was actually the first black person to get into ole miss. At fist when they saw his race they rejected him, but the supreme court allowed him to go and he eventually graduated with a degree with political science.

i have a dream speech

" I have a dream" 1963

In 1963 Martin Luther King gave what was probably his best speech ever to an audience of over 250,000 people. The people gathered on the March to Washington to have jobs and freedom. He called on the US citizens to end racism. His speech and the March to Washington encouraged the president to pass laws against discrimination.

Credits:

Created with images by Abode of Chaos - "Martin Luther King, painted portrait DDC_8691"

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