Communist form of Government Daniela Amaro

  • Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu are the founders of the chinese communist party
  • It was founded in July 1921
  • Mao Zedong was a chairman that tried to revitalize the communist party in the 1930s
  • The Long March was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China, the forerunner of the People's Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang army
  • The communist party had achieved complete political and military power
  • Today, there are more than 40 million members.
  • Became communist in 1949
  • Was founded in Shanghai, China
  • The party is considered as the largest political party in the world
  • It had more than 80 million members during 2010
  • The number of members constitutes at least 6 percent of the overall population of China
  • Since 1978, it has aimed to institutionalize the transition of power, as well as the consolidation of the internal structure
  • the primary organs of state power are the National People's Congress (NPC), the President, and the State Council
  • During the 1980s there was an attempt made to separate party and state functions, with the party deciding general policy and the state carrying it out
  • The previous attempt was abandoned in the 1990s with the result that the political leadership within the state are also the leaders of the party
  • There has been a move to separate party and state offices at levels other than the central government
  • Under the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, the NPC is the highest organ of state power in China
  • During meetings, they review and approve major new policy directions, laws, the budget, and major personnel changes
  • the State Council and the Party have been unable to secure passage of a fuel tax to finance the construction of expressways
  • Although the National People‚Äôs Congress generally approves State Council policy and personnel recommendations, the NPC and its standing committee has increasingly asserted its role as the national legislature and has been able to force revisions in some laws
  • The governors of China's provinces and autonomous regions and mayors of its centrally controlled municipalities are appointed by the central government in Beijing after receiving the nominal consent of the National People's Congress (NPC)
  • The Hong Kong and Macau special administrative regions (SARS) have some local autonomy since they have separate governments, legal systems, and basic constitutional laws, but they come under Beijing's control in matters of foreign policy and national security, and their chief executives are handpicked by the central government
  • The Supreme People's Court is the highest court in the judicial system of the People's Republic of China
  • Hong Kong and Macau, as special administrative regions, have their own separate judicial systems which are based on British common law traditions and Portuguese civil-law traditions respectively, and are out of the jurisdiction of the Supreme People's Court
  • The judges of the Supreme People's Court are appointed by the National People's Congress
  • Currently the President of Supreme People's Court and the Procurator-General of Supreme People's Procuratorate are Wang Shengjun and Cao Jianming separately.
  • Currently the Chairman of the Central Military Commission is Xi Jinping and the Vice Chairmen are Fan Changlong and Xu Qiliang.

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