Petrarch was a philosopher and poet from the Italian Renaissance. Also known as the "Father of the Renaissance", Petrarch was on July 20, 1304 in Arezzo, Tuscany which is now part of Italy. His humanist philosophy set the stage for the Renaissance and he is considered as one of the fathers of the modern Italian language. Petrarch had a passion for Greek and Roman literature at an early age. He espoused the doctrine which was known as humanism, and formed a bridge from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. Besides his philosophy, Petrarch was also a gifted writer. He wrote many poems, sonnets, letters, and histories that were admired during his lifetime. The admiration of his works crowned him with Rome's poet laureate in 1341. As one of the world's first classical scholars, Petrarch unearthed vast stores of knowledge in the lost texts that he had discovered. He died on July 19, 1374 in Arqua, Carrara.
“I freeze and burn, love is bitter and sweet, my sighs are tempests and my tears are floods, I am in ecstasy and agony, I am possessed by memories of her and I am in exile from myself.” -Petrarch, II Canzoniere