Renaissance Museum Brochure Luke Bartolomei, Connor Horwath, & Demetrius Draper

Jan van Eyck

Jan van Eyck was a painter from the Northern Renaissance. He was born in 1395, in Maaseeik, Bishopric of Liege, Holy Roman Empire. In 1425, he was employed under the service of Duke Phillip, the Good of Burgundy. Jan van Eyck used oil paintings in his portraits and panel paintings. His use for oil paintings continues to inspire artists today. Jan Van Eyck died on July 9, 1441 in Bruges, Netherlands.

Arnolfini Painting
Hans Holbein, the Younger

Born in 1497, in Augsburg, Germany, Han Holbein, the younger was a painter of the Northern Renaissance. He is known for the compelling realism of his portraits, the most notable of which depict the royal court of Henry VIII. Hans produced over 150 life-sized and miniature portraits of royalty and nobility. He died in London, England in 1543.

Portrait of Henry VIII

Donatello was a painter and sculptor from the Italian Renaissance. He was born in Florence, Italy in 1386. Donatello is thought to be as the greatest Florentine sculptor before Michelangelo and was the most influential artist of the 15th century in Italy. At an early age, Donatello apprenticed with well-known sculptors and learned the Gothic style. He was receiving commissions for his work before the age of 20. His style incorporated the new science of perspective, which allowed the sculptor to create figures that occupied measureable space. With the help of Donatello, artists today still use the science of perspective in their works. He died in Florence, Italy on December 12, 1466.

The Feast of Herod
Niccolò Machiavelli

Niccolò Machiavelli was an Italian diplomat and writer from the Italian Renaissance. He was born on May 3, 1469 in Florence, Italy. Machiavelli was diplomat for 14 years in Italy's Florentine Republic during the Medici family's exile. When the Medici family regained power in 1512, Machiavelli was dismissed and put into prison for a short time. After his release from prison, Machiavelli wrote what would be his most famous works, The Prince. This was a handbook for politicians and eventually inspired the term "Machiavellian." The Prince helped to establish Machiavelli as the "father of modern political theory." He died on June 21, 1527 in Florence, Italy.

“The lion cannot protect himself from traps, and the fox cannot defend himself from wolves. One must therefore be a fox to recognize traps, and a lion to frighten wolves.” -Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince

Francesco Petrarca "Petrarch"

Petrarch was a philosopher and poet from the Italian Renaissance. Also known as the "Father of the Renaissance", Petrarch was on July 20, 1304 in Arezzo, Tuscany which is now part of Italy. His humanist philosophy set the stage for the Renaissance and he is considered as one of the fathers of the modern Italian language. Petrarch had a passion for Greek and Roman literature at an early age. He espoused the doctrine which was known as humanism, and formed a bridge from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. Besides his philosophy, Petrarch was also a gifted writer. He wrote many poems, sonnets, letters, and histories that were admired during his lifetime. The admiration of his works crowned him with Rome's poet laureate in 1341. As one of the world's first classical scholars, Petrarch unearthed vast stores of knowledge in the lost texts that he had discovered. He died on July 19, 1374 in Arqua, Carrara.

“I freeze and burn, love is bitter and sweet, my sighs are tempests and my tears are floods, I am in ecstasy and agony, I am possessed by memories of her and I am in exile from myself.” -Petrarch, II Canzoniere

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