Eating Disorders By: Anna saylor & Madi horner

What is an eating disorder?

Eating Disorders are illnesses characterized by unhealthy behaviors associated with food or eating, such as starving, overeating, or binging.

Types of eating disorders

  • Binge eating
  • Anorexia
  • Bulimia
  • Night Eating syndrome
  • Pica
  • Rumination disorder

Without treatment, many of these conditions can lead to serious health risks.

Binge Eating Disorder

Binge eating disorder is the most common eating disorder, involving episodes of extreme over eating. The eating disorder can affect both males and females equally, most of those affected are overweight or obese. Unlike bulimia those affected don't vomit, fast or exercise intensely to get rid of the excess calories. It can occur at any age, but is most common in middle aged people. Can cause serious problems such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension.

Signs

  • people may eat quickly
  • binge when they are not hungry
  • eat until painfully full

triggers

  • anxiety
  • stress
  • boredom
  • depression

People who binge eat may feel guilty, ashamed, or depressed after binging. This can cause a cycle that leads to more binging. Because people feel guilty they often hide the behavior from others. Weight loss attemps are often not successful until binging is controlled.

treatments

Weight loss programs can help get people to stop binging and eat healthy food while losing weight.

Anorexia Disorder

A condition characterized by an abnormal fear of gaining weight, driving people to starve themselves and become dangerously thin. Anorexia is most common in females in their teens, but it also occurs in males as well. The disorder is usually caused by a tramatic event or even the desire to excel at a sports.

Rapid weight loss

How people with anorexia loss weight rapidly is by starving themselves, abusing diuretics, laxatives, or diet pills. Even though they appear extra thin, they may continue to push themselves to lose more weight.

Food obsession

Even though they eat very little, they constantly think about food.

behaviors

  • weighing foods
  • calorie counting
  • careful portioning
  • consuming very small amounts
  • moves food around on a plate without eating it

Despite thin appearance, people with anorexia typically see themselves as fat or overweight, which can become a life-threatening obsession.

Signs

  • yellowish skin
  • brittle nails and hair
  • sensitive to cold
  • lethargy
  • constipation
  • absence of periods in women

treatments

  • hospitalization
  • therapy
  • medication

Bulimia

Characterized by episodes of binging and purging. Purging is commonly self-induced vomiting, abuse of diet pills, laxitives, and excessive exercise. 90% of those affected are females, it almost always develops in teens and young adults similar to anorexia. Binging and purging can occur any time in one day.

Weight obsession

  • usually normal weight or slightly over weight
  • have an intense fear of gaining weight, believing they are over weight

symptoms include

  • worn tooth enamal
  • swelling of the salivary glands
  • sore throat
  • heartburn
  • constipation
  • irregular periods
  • dehydration
  • electrolyte imbalances in the blood (that can lead to heart problems)

the best way to overcome a eating disorder is by seeking help and telling someone.

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