Harlem Renaissance Michael Lane, Matthew Smith,Chris Robinson, Selestina Rosales

What was the Harlem Renaissance?

The Harlem Renaissance was the period of time from 1917-1935, where African American Literature ,Art,and Music , was appreciated more and had a close relation to the start of the Civil Rights Movement of the 1940s and 1950s .It not only involved artistic aspects ,but included involved racial pride, that demanded civil and political rights.This demand was fueled by the confrontational idea of the "New Negro".

Why Did the Renaissance happen?

The Harlem Renaissance happened because of The Great Migration.The appeal of the north being a better place for blacks and their families ,opportunity wise and socially ,caused an influx of people moving from the rural areas of the south to the urban areas of the north. The booming and starting up of factories in the north gave blacks an opportunity to leave the sharecropping life of the south and a chance to do better for their families.



Famous Contributors of Art during the Harlem Renaissance were artist such as ,Lois Mailou Jones,Aaron Douglas,Jacob Lawrence,and even more. These artist

Lois Mailon Jones, Buddha, 1927
Aaron Douglas, study for God's Trombones
Jacob Lawerence, Dreams, 1965


Famous Contributors of Music during the Harlem Renaissance are Duke Ellington ,Bessie Smith, Billie Holiday, Jelly Roll Morton ,and Louis Armstrong.

Duke Ellington ,Bessie Smith, Billie Holiday, Jelly Roll Morton ,and Louis Armstrong


Famous Contributors of Literature during the Harlem Renaissance are Langston Hughes,Claude McKay, and Jean Toomer.

Langston Hughes,Claude McKay, and Jean Toomer
"When reading about what may be described as the lesser celebrated heroic figures of the Harlem Renaissance, we rarely get a definitive look at just how complicated and sometimes dangerous their everyday lives were. In fact, until the past ten years, many defined the period primarily by its well-known literary, musical, and artistic elements while overlooking the fact there was any political component to it at all."( Aberjhani )

Politically and Socially

African Americans in the South,were still being mistreated. In the North however, they had been recognized great artists, and musicians. In the North there was potential for them in various art forms. They realized that they don't have to deal with the racism ,unequal opportunities,and discrimination in the South. A Major political theme of the Harlem Renaissance was the rebirth of the African American Identity, the way African Americans were portrayed in society,and African American pride. African Americans felt that they needed to be treated as equals from the insurgence of cultural pride, which lead to the Civil Rights Movement


Population of states was fluctuating due to the Great Migration of people moving out of the south and into the north. Land-owners, factory managers and others had to find replacements and/or rehire workers ,because they lost so much of their work force. The economic state of the states was affected,by the changing population of people, the urbanization ,and the migration of people to another state, changed the economy per state ,especially New York for thousand people in America during the 1920s.









The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s.It changed the way that African Americans were looked at in America,and sparked a movement that would continue to advance the rights of African Americans. Alain Locke described it as "“The Younger Generation comes, bringing its gifts. They are the first fruits of the Negro Renaissance. Youth speaks, and the voice of the New Negro is heard."


“The Harlem Renaissance (1917-1935).” PBS, Public Broadcasting Service, www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_harlem.html. Accessed 23 Mar. 2017.

History.com Staff. “Harlem Renaissance.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/black-history/harlem-renaissance. Accessed 23 Mar. 2017.

Hutchinson, George. “Harlem Renaissance.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 10 June 2016, www.britannica.com/event/Harlem-Renaissance-American-literature-and-art. Accessed 23 Mar. 2017.

Ushistory.org. “The Harlem Renaissance.” Ushistory.org, Independence Hall Association, www.ushistory.org/us/46e.asp. Accessed 23 Mar. 2017.

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