Freshwater BY: gaGANPREET

Canada has plenty of fresh water, but most of it non renewable meaning it can not be reused again , and most of it is locked underground in different places such as aquifers, frozen in glaciers or found in lakes. Often we are told that Canada has about 20% of the world’s freshwater resources, but less than half of this,(about 7% of it) is able to be reused again (renewable). "WHEN THE WELL IS DRY WE LEARN THE WORTH OF WATER"
WATER is like Love you can FALL in it, we can Drown in it and we can't LIVE without it!

How do they Extract Freshwater?

Aquifers are underground layers of rock that contain water that can be brought up to the surface through natural springs or by pumping. The water that is contained underground is one of the most important sources of water on earth. About 30% of freshwater is located underground, and freshwater is also found in wetlands, streams and rivers. About 69% of the world’s freshwater is located away in glaciers and ice caps. Freshwater can be found in a range of different rocks, but most productive aquifer is found in porous permeable rocks such as, sandstone or open cavities and caves of limestone aquifers.

We are quite dependent on freshwater because about 70 percent of the earth is covered in water. Humans, animals and plants are all equally dependent on freshwater, because without freshwater what are human/ people suppose to drink because salt water is dangerous and not safe for the human body to use. Also to grow and live water especially freshwater is mandatory.

What do they use freshwater for?

Water is used for many things, it used 70% for farming, 22% for industry, and 8% for home drinking, washing, and watering. Most of Fresh Water is used in farming and agriculture. Water is mostly found as a liquid, it can also be a gas (water vapour) or a solid (ice). Fresh water for drinking comes from rivers, lakes, creeks, and dams. 97.5% of water is salt water and 2.5% is freshwater. 70% of freshwater is frozen in polar ice-caps, 30% lies underground and less than 1% of freshwater is available for human consumption

GDP of Canada's Freshwater

How many jobs does the industry employ?

Being employed for a job related to freshwater requires you to have great understanding about water and should have deep understanding of what position you choose to work in also you need to learn about the degree requirement, career options and their job duties.

Issues related to Freshwater

The first big issues is water shortage or also know as water crises, which basically to much water is being used and there's a very limited amount of fresh, safe and drinkable water left, for humans, animals and just for the whole world to use. But this problem has been told to the public because it’s very mandatory that everyone known what is happening and could make a change. Some of the solutions that are already in process are using a very limited amount of water, for example not leaving the tap running and installing leak monitors so that you are alerted if you have a pipe leak.
Another issue is water pollution which also relates to water shortage because polluted water is not usable because polluted water is not safe, which means that there is more shortage of freshwater. But now many people have started using energy based resources to solve this problem, for example many people have installed solar panels and have brought energy based cars meaning that they don't require gas to work, but I feel like it will take a few years for this solution to be effective.

Freshwater Sustainability

What to Continue doing...

Canada should continue including streams, rivers, ponds, lakes and wetlands as a part of the freshwater system. This is a very important components of landscapes and the Earth ecosystem . This makes up food webs in this systems.

What to Stop doing

What should we stop doing is a great question because i feel like many things need to be stop because they are reducing the amount of freshwater there is one of the big things is littering and polluting the water. I think that we should stop this because it is harming our environment and human health and is just making water shortage increase even more. Even though there are more then enough garbage cans everywhere people still, tend to just through garbage on roads, rivers and lakes.

What to Start doing

I think we should all start using more energy based resources. For example I think that it should be a requirement that every single house/apartment building should have solar panels and also more people should start using cars that use energy instead of gas

Experiment

Experiment (How to turn salt water into drinkable freshwater) There are a few ways to extract freshwater, basically meaning to change sea/ salt water into drinkable and freshwater. One of the ways is to place a cup/glass into a pot that contains salt water and making sure that none of the salt water goes into the cup, then cover the pot with the lid and make sure the cup is underneath and remember to seal the lid very tight. Otherwise, you will lose most of your steam before it drips into the cup as fresh water. Next turn up the heat so the salt water starts to boil gently and is not getting into your cup. As the water is boiling, it turns into steam, which rises to the lid and then runs down the lid into the cup. Leaving the salt water at the bottom of the pan and freshwater/ drinkable water in the cup. But one downfall is that only a limited amount of water could be boiled at a time, which means a small amount can be turned into freshwater.

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