Hinduism and Christianity By : Smriti

Have you ever been in church or a temple and wondered what other people from other religions would be doing at the same time? Hinduism and Christianity are two religions worshipped by people in Singapore.In Singapore there are many different beliefs celebrated. Hinduism and Christianity are very different belief systems.

Church
Hindu Temple

What do Hindus and Christians when someone dies? First of all, Hinduism and Christianity have different approaches to life and death. Hindus believe that when a human dies, the body dies but the soul will remain and go on to take another life form. This is called reincarnation. On the other hand, Christians believe that when a human being dies, he or she goes to heaven or hell based on their life actions. Most of the Hindus burn the body and take the ashes to a holy river (e.g. Ganges) because they think that the Holy river will lead to the gods.

The body is burned as Hindus believe humans are made of five elements and they should return to those elements. In Christianity the body is put in coffin and it is buried because Christians believe that people will return to their body at judgement day. Hindus and Christian clearly have different beliefs around death.

Grave

One god or many gods? Christianity is a monotheistic (it only has one god) religion while Hinduism is considered as a “way of life”.This means that in Hinduism you can pray to anything and anything can be your god. Christians believe in Jesus Christ. One quote from the Bible is “Then the dust will return to the earth as it was, and the spirit will return to god who gave it.” This basically means that when someone dies their spirits will go back to god and their bodies will go deep into the earth. In contrast, Hinduism began with 3 gods. Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the caretaker), and Shiva (the destroyer).

Barmha
Vishnu
This is Shiva

A quote from a book called Upanishad is “O Brahma, lead us from the unreal to the real.O Brahma, lead us from darkness to light.O Brahma, lead us from death to immortality.Shanti, Shanti, Shanti, Om.” This quote is about Brahma creating bravery and happiness.

These are 3 of the main gods. Hinduism has many more. This is because almost everyone believed in something different and made up stories about their God so others would follow. One god for Christianity and lots of gods for Hindus.

The bible

For Hindus, there is no single book to follow. Hindus have the Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, and Gita. The books Smriti and Sruti are oral scriptures. A quote from the Upanishad is “Of everything he is the inmost Self. He is the truth; he is the Self supreme”. Every religion has a book.

How Many Years have they existed? The religion,Christianity, started a long time ago, about 2000 years ago, but Hinduism started a long time before that. People say Hinduism started in 1500 BCE. Christianity is one of the world's biggest religions, with about 2.2 billion people that follow it worldwide. Although Hinduism is older, it doesn’t have many more followers. Hinduism has a little more than 1.08 billion followers worldwide (15% of world's population) with about 95% living in India. 31.5% of the world are Christians. Isn’t it interesting how Christianity has more followers than Hinduism, even though Hinduism is older.

How much of each religion exists in Singapore? Hindus made up about 5.1% of the residents in Singapore in 2010. Since 2010 things have different, especially the number of people in Singapore. The population in Singapore has gone from 5 million in 2005 to 5.5 million in 2016. Christianity is 18.8% of the religion is Singapore this year. Although in 2010 it was 18.3%. So both religions have almost maintained their numbers even though the population changed.

Singapore

These are some of the similarities and differences of Hinduism and Christianity. No wonder a lot of people pray everyday. Who wouldn’t, if you have great gods, interesting history, and cool books?

GLOSSARY

Monotheistic-Belief that there is only one God.

Scriptures- Religious text

BCE- Before Common Era

Religions- belief in a power, like a God or gods.

Judgement day- A day when Christ says if you are going to heaven or hell

Credits

https://www.quora.com/Why-do-some-Hindus-Indians-observe-Sutak-after-a-death-in-near-family

Dad and grandparents

https://www.everplans.com/articles/christian-funeral-traditions

https://bible.org/seriespage/lesson-47-how-believers-deal-death-genesis-231-20

Credits:

Created with images by ParagKini - "ganesh ganapati god" • dominique Bernardini - "church" • Arian Zwegers - "Hampi, Malyavanta Raghunatha Temple, southern gopuram" • marko8904 - "IMG_4041" • Living In Thailand - "4 faces of Bramha" • goblinbox_(queen_of_ad_hoc_bento) - "Vishnu" • InspiredImages - "shiva the hindu god shiva india" • rwkvisual - "Bible" • kevin dooley - "KD's World Tour: Singapore" • travelspot - "montalcino church church window"

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