## Robert HookeBy: Yasmin Ylrawi

He was born in Freshwater, England's Isle of Wight on July 18, 1635. He went to Oxford and spent the rest of his career at the Royal Society and Gresham College. He researched astronomy, biology and physics; he is most renowned for the discovery he made while using a microscope and for "Hooke's Law" of elasticity. Hooke died in London on March 3, 1703.

His parents were John Hooke and Cecily Gyles. He was the youngest of their four kids. For a large part of his childhood, and whole life, Robert Hooke’s health was delicate. He spent much of his school time at home.

As a kid he was gifted with skills in drawing. He also worked on instruments such as clocks. His dad always believed his son would become a clockmaker or an artist.

In 1648, his father died, leaving him 40 pounds (which was actually quite a lot of money at the time). So the 13-year-old Hooke traveled to London to be educated at Westminster School, where he studied languages like Greek and Latin and studied mathematics and mechanics.

At aged 18 (in 1653), he was accepted at the University of Oxford’s Christ Church College, where he studied experimental science and became a *chorister.

*a chorister is either a member of a church choir. schooling university discoveries inventions books conterverises

Robert Hooke's was known for his work on cells and in natural history (biology and geology). He reported on his microscope use in a book called Micrographica in 1665. He was the first person to see biological cells, and was the first to use the word 'cell' to describe them.

In 1668, in a talk to the Royal Society, he recognized that fossil shells of unknown marine animals suggested that some species had become extinct.

One of the many (like MANY) important things he did was found Hooke's law. The law states that the extension of a spring is proportional to the load applied to it. In simpler words the length of a spring always changes by the same amount when it's pushed or pulled. The equation for that is: F=kx (k being the fixed variable)

This is a church he designed. Called: Willen Church

Robert Hooke was also an extremely talented architect. Hooke helped Wren rebuild London after the Great Fire in 1666. He also worked on the Royal Greenwich Observatory.

This is a historically important book written by Robert Hooke documenting the first drawings of plants, insects etc.

Although Isaac Newton was one of the greatest scientists he still felt threatened by Robert's intelligence so after Roberts death he ordered all off Hooke's portrait and notes to be burned.

Credits:

Created with images by Arenamontanus - "Microscope" • Moyan_Brenn - "London" • Iqbal Osman1 - "blast cells"