Active and Passive Voices
Active Voice: the subject is the DOER of the action
Example 1- My friend gave me a gift for Christmas.
Example 2- My dog wore the Santa hat on Christmas.
Passive Voice:the subject RECEIVES the action of the verb
Example 1- The tree was finally topped with a star.
Example 2- The lights were arranged by my dad all around the house.
Perfect and Progressive tense
Progressive- be + present participle
Katherine IS GIVING her friend a necklace.
We WERE SLEEPING when Santa came.
We WILL BE EATING a lot on Christmas day.
Perfect- have + past participle
I HAVE SEEN that Christmas movie before.
We HAD PUT OUT cookies for Santa.
She WILL HAVE already OPENED all her gifts before the party.
Indicative: states a fact or asks a question
We are going to the beach for Christmas.
He ate the pie on Christmas.
Imperative- Gives a command
Wrap the present.
Clean up the broken ornament.
Emphatic- states a statement using the verb "do". NOT A QUESTION.
We do read the Night Before Christmas every year.
You do come over every year.
Subjunctive: includes wishes/desires, statements contrary-to-fact, uncertainties, demands after that, and recommendations. Subjunctive mood trumps all other moods.
I suggest that you go to the mall to get presents for your family.
If we had a bigger tree, then we could fit more ornaments on it.