Voice,Tense,Mood Study Guide by: Katherine Kremer

Active and Passive Voices

Active Voice: the subject is the DOER of the action

Example 1- My friend gave me a gift for Christmas.
Example 2- My dog wore the Santa hat on Christmas.

Passive Voice:the subject RECEIVES the action of the verb

Example 1- The tree was finally topped with a star.
Example 2- The lights were arranged by my dad all around the house.

Perfect and Progressive tense

Progressive- be + present participle

Katherine IS GIVING her friend a necklace.

We WERE SLEEPING when Santa came.

We WILL BE EATING a lot on Christmas day.

Perfect- have + past participle

I HAVE SEEN that Christmas movie before.

We HAD PUT OUT cookies for Santa.

She WILL HAVE already OPENED all her gifts before the party.



Indicative: states a fact or asks a question

We are going to the beach for Christmas.

He ate the pie on Christmas.

Imperative- Gives a command

Wrap the present.

Clean up the broken ornament.

Emphatic- states a statement using the verb "do". NOT A QUESTION.

We do read the Night Before Christmas every year.

You do come over every year.

Subjunctive: includes wishes/desires, statements contrary-to-fact, uncertainties, demands after that, and recommendations. Subjunctive mood trumps all other moods.

I suggest that you go to the mall to get presents for your family.

If we had a bigger tree, then we could fit more ornaments on it.



Created with images by PublicDomainPictures - "santa claus christmas beard" • flotty - "christmas jewelry fig christmas angel" • blickpixel - "made gifts surprise" • PublicDomainPictures - "christmas bauble red ball" • fradellafra - "christmas x mas xmas"

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.