ABC's of Africa By Cecelia Craig

A - Africa

1. Africa is the second largest continent in the world.

2. Africa was once part of a large super continent called Pangaea, but broke into the continents we know today.

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B - Botswana

1. Botswana is a country in South Africa.

2. The capital of Botswana is Gaborone.

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C - Currency

1. Africa's currency currently is the euro.

2. Salt used to be Africa's currency because it was very important to them.

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D - Desert

1. Deserts in Africa include the Sahara, Namib Desert, and the Kalahari Desert.

2. The Sahara makes up 25% of Africa.

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E - Equator

1. The equator is an imaginary line on the Earth were the sun directly hits.

2. The equator goes right through the middle of Africa and that's why it's so hot there.

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F - Famine

1. The definition for famine is scarcity or shortage of food.

2. Famine is a huge problem in Africa. 20 million Africans have a shortage of food.

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G - Ghana Empire

1. The Ghana Empire was a very wealthy empire that started in the 6th century.

2. The Ghana Empire declined when they became very weak because of climate changes and droughts.

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H - Horn of Africa

1. The Horn of Africa is a peninsula located in Eastern Africa.

2. The countries in the Horn of Africa are Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia.

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I - Islam

1. Islam is one of Africa's main religions.

2. A 2002 study showed that 48% of Africans had Islam as their religion.

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J - Jade

1. Jade is a green metamorphic rock used to make jewelry.

2. Jade was used to make jewelry and to trade in Africa.

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K - Kalahari Desert

1. The Kalahari Desert is a desert located in South Africa.

2. The Kalahari Desert covers most of Botswana and some parts of Namibia.

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L - Libya

1. Libya is a country in Northern Africa.

2. Most of the country is in the Sahara Desert.

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M - Mali Empire

1. The Mali Empire was a very wealthy empire because it was located near gold and salt mines.

2. The Mali Empire fully declined in 1600 CE.

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N - Namibia

1. Namibia is a country in South Africa.

2. The president of Namibia is Hage Geingob.

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O - Orange river

1. The Orange River is located along the edge of Namibia.

2. The Orange River is the longest river in South Africa.

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P - Periodic Market

1. A periodic market is when people go to a gathering to trade goods.

2. Periodic markets happen all the time in Africa because people trade a lot of goods with each other from different countries.

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Q - Quran

1. The Quran is the holy book of Islam.

2. Since Islam is one of the main religions in Africa to this day, many Africans use the Quran.

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R - Rwanda

1. Rwanda is a country in eastern Africa.

2. The population of Rwanda is 11.78 million.

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S - Salt

1. Salt was very important in Africa because they used salt to preserve food in hot climates and for trading.

2. At one point, salt was even more valuable than gold.

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T - Trade

1. Trade is very important to Africa. There are many trade routes in Africa.

2. They traded gold, salt, cocoa beans, oil, and minerals.

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U - Uganda

1. Uganda is a country in Eastern Africa.

2. The capital of Uganda is Kampala.

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V - Victoria Lake

1. The Victoria Lake is the largest lake in Africa.

2. The Victoria Lake is so big that you can see it on a globe.

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W - Windhoek

1. Windhoek is the capital of Namibia.

2. Windhoek is one of the biggest trading spots for karakul sheep-skin trade.

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X - Xhosa

1. Xhosa is the second largest tribe in South Africa.

2. Xhosa is also a language, one of the official languages in South Africa.

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Y - Yoruba

1. Yoruba is an African tribe that lives in the Sahara Desert.

2. They are one of the biggest tribes in the Sahara with 5.3 million people.

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Z - Zulu

1. Zulu is an African tribe that started in 1709.

2. Zulu is the biggest ethnic group with 10 million people.

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Credits:

Created with images by djhixson - "crab yellow ocypode quadrata"

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