The League of Nations By; Jakob and dylan

The League of Nations was organized on January 10, 1920 as a result of WW1 Conflicts. It was created to stabilize the relationship of countries, and to ensure that all countries were essentially on the same page.

"Speaking before the U.S. Congress on January 8, 1918, President Woodrow Wilson enumerated the last of his Fourteen Points, which called for a “general association of nations…formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike.” Many of Wilson’s previous points would require regulation or enforcement. In calling for the formation of a "general association of nations," Wilson voiced the wartime opinions of many diplomats and intellectuals on both sides of the Atlantic who believed there was a need for a new type of standing international organization dedicated to fostering international cooperation, providing security for its members, and ensuring a lasting peace. With Europe’s population exhausted by four years of total war, and with many in the United States optimistic that a new organization would be able to solve the international disputes that had led to war in 1914, Wilson’s articulation of a League of Nations was wildly popular. However, it proved exceptionally difficult to create, and Wilson left office never having convinced the United States to join it." (https://history.state.gov/milestones/1914-1920/league). The League of Nations was unsuccessful due to countries not following their agreements, and the league also did not enforce laws as they said they would.

Benito Mussolini of Italy

By 1935, most countries did not think that the League could keep the peace. When Hitler began to break the Treaty of Versailles in the 1930's, the league was powerless to stop him. The league failed, and the only way to stop Hitler was to start a second war.

In 1922, Italian journalist named Benito Mussolini became the Prime Minister of Italy. With his new position, Mussolini also brought the beliefs of fascism to power. Fascism is the direct opposite of socialism and communism, and an opponent of Democracy. It calls for stern leadership, and it was a growing type of government during the years proceeding WW2. An unofficial dictator is usually the leader of a fascist government, which is what Mussolini served as. According to fascism, the state rules all, and the best country is one that follows orders of the state.

https://history.state.gov/milestones/1914-1920/league

https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=league%20of%20nations%20definition

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/league-of-nations-instituted

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