Climate change and its affect on weather How climate change affects weather

Glossary

Global warming: is the continuous rise of the average earth's temperature. This word is used because it is overall one of the main ideas. If “global warming” was never used then you wouldn’t understand what was going on.

Climate change: is a change in the Earth’s climate. Along with the word global warming, climate change is another main idea. If this word wasn’t used you wouldn't completely understand the article

Deluged: is an overwhelming amount of something. They don’t just use the word flood, using the world deluged shows just how much water is there. It is supposed to show how severe these storms are becoming.

Commonplace: is something completely ordinary. This word is used to show how common these storms are becoming. It is critical to understanding the topic because in the near future intense storms will be the normal thing, and won’t cause the panic it is now.

Anthropogenic: A change in nature that is caused by humans. This is a very important word, and besides the fact that it is repeated a number a times, it gets your attention. It is another word to help describe humans effects on the world, and how we either do good, or do bad.

Contentious: An issue that people are likely to disagree about, they will always fight whatever it is even if there is proof. This article uses contentious quite a bit, because they are describing the people that still won’t believe in climate change. Also it’s just a better word that hold more meaning than the word arguable.

How is the new “normal” weather going to affect us?

The new commonplace in weather includes an increase in storms that have been happening at a more frequent rate. These storms have a direct effect on every living thing in this world. In fact, an article titled “Human Health” states that “the impacts of extreme weather events include illness or death as a result of heat stress, injuries, drowning, air and water contamination, and mental health effects.” Climate change and its effects on weather directly influence our ways of life, if nothing is done about the increase in global warming and climate change then, we will all see these effects. The weather might not seem like it is causing any damage outside of in nature, but if one thing affects nature, it will run its course and end up at our front door. River flow is a great way to see all of the effects of our weather. One example of this is how an “increase in river flow earlier in the year earlier winter will result in a 20-40% reduction in water availability by 2050,” as said in an article by Washington State Department of Ecology titled “Extreme Weather.” The Washington State Department is talking about how the change of weather over the years has caused snow to melt earlier in the year, which will in turn cause the water to then be used up faster, leaving many places in drought. There are many ways to grasp the idea of climate change's’ effect on weather, One ways scientists are using now is comparing today's data to the data of the past.

How different is our weather from years in the past?

Our current weather has become more frequent and severe than weather in the past and there are many different ways to show these results. A result shows how in the past 30 years there has been a pattern higher temperatures for the whole world, especially in the first decade of the century, which was the hottest decade recorded since the late 1800s, as said in an article titled "Are Severe Rain storms, Snow storms, Drought, and Tornadoes Linked to Global Warming?" by the Union of Concerned Scientists. This shows that the temperature of the world has been increasing, and are very different from the past. According to an article titled “This Is How Climate Change Has Altered Life on Earth the Past Two Decades” by Associated Press,“from 1983 to 1992 the world averaged 147 climate, water and weather disasters each year. During the past 10 years, that number has jumped to an average 306 a year.” The trend is, that as temperature changes and increases, the world will be deluged with extreme weather. These results have brought up the question of how our weather has changed.

How do scientists know that recent climate change is largely caused by human activities?

Scientists have been able use their climate models to determine and compare different scenarios of why our climate and weather have changed over the years, most of their results have led back to anthropogenic results. One of the main ways they study this, as explained by Adam Schlosser, a senior research scientist in MIT’s Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, is that “when we examine historical simulations from a suite of state-of-the-art climate models, we peg every time we see that pattern.” Schlosser is simply saying that scientists are comparing weather data from the past to current data, and their programing shows them every time there is a pattern, lately showing more patterns with human involvement. In fact, the industrial activities that our society uses every day have raised carbon dioxide levels from 280 parts per million to 400 parts per million within the last 150 years, as said by Earth Science Communications Team at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. We have close to doubled the carbon dioxide levels, and the scientist’s models clearly show how humans have had a huge impact on climate change. Still, not all people believe in these facts.

Why are some people still against the effects of climate change?

Climate change has been a contentious issue for years because, many people don’t want to believe in the facts because it goes against their beliefs. According to Carolyn Gregoire, a writer at Huffington post, “They seek out information that confirms their beliefs — and ignore anything that challenges them.” These people are scared to believe in something as big as climate change, because if they don’t believe it, then in their minds it can’t be true. A poll by the Pew Research Center shows that about 75% of Americans don’t trust that there is an agreement throughout all climate scientists that humans are the cause of climate change. These people just don’t want to, and can’t admit climate change is around, even though the world is clearly changing, and is backed up by scientific evidence. If these nonbelievers stay in their shell, then nothing will be done to decrease climate change and its effects. People who are against the effects of climate change, have not seen enough about it on the news.

What can public awareness do to decrease climate change?

Increasing public awareness through educating students at a younger age, and through articles online can decrease climate change. Heidi Cullen, a chief scientist at Climate Central, says, “Climate change can no longer be viewed as a distant threat that may disrupt the lives of our grandchildren, but one that may be singled out as a factor, possibly a critical factor, in the storm that flooded your house last week. The science of extreme weather attribution brings climate change to our doorsteps.” This statement shows how climate change is here, and not just something we can pass on to others, it is something to scare people into believing as the last option. Around thirty percent of the world's population is under the age of eighteen, according to the United Nations Environment Programme. Educating children and young adults about environmental problems a key change we need to work on to gain long-term success on the decreasion of climate change and its effects.

To close, here is a video that shows the extent of the impact of global warming on climate change.

http://content.time.com/time/video/player/0,32068,2828792689001_2157190,00.html?scrlybrkr=b257bee9

Works Cited

“A blanket around the Earth.” California Institute of Technology. http://climate.nasa.gov/causes/. 9 February 2017.

"Are Severe Rain storms, Snow storms, Drought, and Tornadoes Linked to Global Warming?" Union of Concerned Scientists, www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/science_and_impacts/impacts/global-warming-rain-snow-tornadoes.html#.WI9ORdArJbW. 24 January 2017.

Brown, Lauretta “Pew: Most Americans Don’t Believe in ‘Scientific Consensus’ on Climate Change.” Media Research Center. http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/lauretta-brown/pew-most-americans-dont-believe- scientific-consensus-climate-change. 7 February 2017.

Bill Patzert “Is Climate Change Causing Extreme Weather?” Time, content.time.com/time/video/player/0,32068,2828792689001_2157190,00.html?scrlybrkr =b257bee9. 25 January 2017.

Chu, Jennifer "Study finds more extreme storms ahead for California." NASA. http://climate.nasa.gov/news/2532/study-finds-more-extreme-storms-ahead-for-california /. 31 January. 2017.

Cullen, Heidi “What Weather is the Fault of Climate Change.” New York Times, www.nytimes.com/2016/03/11/opinion/what-weather-is-the-fault-of-climate-change.html?_r=0. 25 January 2017.

Gregoire, Carolyn “Why Some Conservatives Can’t Accept That Climate Change Is Real.” TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/climate-change-denial-psychology_us_56438664e4b045bf3ded5ca5?scrlybrkr=23b123d9. 7 February 2017.

Hulme, Mike. "Attributing Weather Extremes To ‘Climate Change’: A Review." Progress In Physical Geography 38.4 (2014): 499-511. 31 Jan. 2017.

Mooney, Chris “ Study sees a 'new normal’ for how climate change is affecting weather extremes” Proquest, 2015, Washington Post, search.proquest.com/news/docview/1690365302/AB1F7C30AC624792PQ/9?accountid=42214

Quick, Brin “Ways to Increase Public Awareness About Environmental Problems” Leaf Group. http://classroom.synonym.com/ways-increase-public-awareness-environmental-problems-2590.html?scrlybrkr=ef386c6d. 12 February 2017.

"This Is How Climate Change Has Altered Life on Earth the Past Two Decades."The Weather Channel, https://weather.com/science/environment/news/earth-climate-change-effects. 6 February 2017.

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Created with images by flytox - "Stormy weather" • HarmonyCenter - "cumulus clouds dramatic" • Jacob Reyes - "_DSC0043" • Andreas Øverland - "Lightning Reflexes [Explored]" • uniquedesign52 - "natural weather sunrise"

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