Beginning of World War 2
World War Two began in the continent of Europe. The war started due to a series of war-like events in 1931-1939. The opposing sides were the Allies and the Axis Powers. The Axis Powers consisted of Germany, Italy, and Japan. The Allies consisted of the United States, Great Britain, and France. The second world war broke out two decades after World War One. On September 1st, Germany invaded Poland that marked the beginning of World War Two.
Over seventy million people fought in the military for both the Allies and the Axis Powers. The Axis Powers had over twelve million fallen soldiers. The Allies had over sixty million fallen soldiers. The overall count of civilian casualties during the war will never be known. Over 100,000 Allied bomber crew men were killed in Europe. 2,499 American soldiers died on D-Day. Three thousand french civilians died on D-Day. Almost all deaths were caused by bombing raids, massacres, and starvation.
16,112,566 troops was the total number of american troops engaged in the war. Twelve thousand bombers were shot down during the war. 433 Medals of Honor were awarded during and after the second world war. World War Two was the most expensive and longest war ever. The Americans dropped an average of 27,700 tons of bombs during the war. Between 1934-1945, the Allies had dropped 3.4 million bombs. The atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan was more powerful than the one dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The nickname for the atomic bomb was, "Fat Man". World War Two was the most significant period of the twentieth century. The war brought major leaps in technology around the world. Hitler thought that the war was the only way to gain living space for his ever growing "pure" german race. June 4, 1944 is known as D-Day, the historic invasion of France.
The Holocaust was Hitler's plan called 'Final Solution'. The word holocaust was formed with two words, 'holo' meaning whole; and 'kaustos' meaning burn. 'Holo' and 'kautos' are both Greek words. Six million Jews were murdered in death camps formed by the Nazi Party. The camps were called concentration camps. 1.5 million is the estimated number for how many children were killed in the camps. People with mental and physical disabilities were taken away and killed too. A group of people called Roma were also killed in camps along with the Jews and disabled. About twelve thousand Jews were killed everyday in the concentration camps.
Germany During War
The country Germany was one of a couple of countries who participated in war-like events before the war actually started. The invasion of Poland was the act like sparked the second world war. In 1933 Germany, Hitler became chancellor. The next year, 1934, he anointed himself supreme leader. During World War Two, the chancellor of Germany executed eighty-four german generals. In the year of 1944, the world was one step closer the ending World War Two after Germany surrendered.
The ending of the war
The Invasion of Italy was also another step closer to ending the second world war. After the Allies secured Italy, the country was forced to surrender and fight for the Allied Powers. Soon, all of Europe had left the war or surrendered. The next step for ending the war was Japan's surrender. After Japan refused to surrender, the Americans had a plan. In 1945, the Americans had designed and tested a nuclear bomb that was extremely powerful. The name of their atomic bomb project was "Little Boy".
In the year of 1945 at 8:16, Japanese time, the first ever atomic bomb was dropped over the city of Hiroshima. An American B-29 bomber dropped the bomb on Hiroshima. Eighty thousand people died of direct hit. Another thirty-five thousand people would die later due to the after effects of the bomb.
On August 9, 1945, the second atomic bomb was dropped in Nagasaki, Japan. The time of it's drop was at 11:02 a.m. from 1,650 feet in the air. Between sixty thousand and eighty thousand people died from the blast. Many bodies were disintegrated with the bomb. Japan surrendered later in 1944.
after the war
After the war ended, an organization called the League of Nations was formed to resolve world wide issues. The ending of the World War Two also allowed the United States and Russia to become global superpowers. Thirty-eight nations received fifty billion dollars of aid from the United States due to their newly passed law called the Lend-Lease Act. The act allowed the U.S to be able to send any type of supplies to any country who is vital the U.S.
America's air force was apart of the army until after the war was over. There are three different branches of the air force now, U.S Army Air Force, Air Services, and the Air Corps. World War Two was the most wide-spread and deadliest war ever in our history. The second world war lasted six full years. World War Two started on September 1, 1939; and it ended on September 2, 1945.
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