Illness is caused by unclean water. Human sewage, mosquitos, and the runoff of metal and other materials from mining that mix into these fresh water sources, cause life threatening diseases. The most common waterborne diseases caused by bacteria in dirty water include Cholera, Hepatitis A, and Typhoid fever. Once a person has contracted this disease, it can easily be spread to another person by a simple touch, causing more and more infections that can potentially lead to death.
"One of the main causes of water scarcity is inefficient use, especially in food production, which means that poorly managed water resources can lead to famine." - Voss foundation
The connection between clean water and food is closely related. Without clean water, there is no food; plants, like humans and animals, need clean water to survive. On average, humans need to drink around 2.5 liters of water per day, whereas the amount of food produced for one person needs 2,000 - 5,000 liters of water per day.
"About 71 percent of the Earth's surface is water-covered, and the oceans hold about 96.5 percent of all Earth's water. Water also exists in the air as water vapor, in rivers and lakes, in icecaps and glaciers..." - The USGS Water Science School
Though the Earth accounts for 96.5% of our water, only 2.5% is freshwater, and only 1% of that freshwater is clean.
What Does India's Future Look Like?
By 2050, India's population is said increase to a total of 1.6 billion, passing Asia's and becoming the most populated region in the world. However, the constant growing population will drain India's low supply of clean water even more. This will lead to the death of crops, which will also lead to more famine and malnourishment. And, because India is a major exporter of grain, the death of these crops will seriously hurt their economy as well. Due to the growing population and scarcity of water, India's future shows sure signs of political conflict within the country.