Also known as Age of Sensibility, commonly referred to as Age of Johnson because of the dominant author of this period, Samuel Johnson. On September 18, 1709, Samuel Johnson was born in Litchfield, Staffordshire, England. Spending most of his life in his fathers bookstore, he received part of his education.Johnson was mainly educated at the Litchfield Grammar School, where he learned Latin and Greek. In 1728 and 1729 Johnson spent fourteen months at Pembroke College, Oxford. Too poor and embarrassed by his poverty, Johnson could not complete the work for a degree. Johnson supported himself with teaching jobs after his father died in 1731. In 1735 he married Elizabeth Porter, a widow some twenty years older than him. Still trying to find a way to make a living, Johnson opened a boarding school.
- In 1712, the Newspaper Stamp Act was put in place. The act was placed to create a new tax on publishers, particularly of newspapers.
- In 1718 followed the Quadruple Alliance, in which Britain, France, Austria, and Holland aligned themselves against Spain.
- In 1718 Lady Mary Wortley Montague introduced inoculation against smallpox.
- In 1755 the english dictionary was written.
- In 1765 a long promised addition of Shakespeare's work appeared in eight volumes. Source: andromeda.rutgers.org
Values and Beliefs
Values and beliefs before the Age of Johnson were very religious, during this time period people started to drift towards "pre-romantics." It focused on the development in literature, rather than advancements in politics and science.
Genre and Style
The Age of Johnson is one of three periods the neoclassical era is broken down in to. Neoclassic literature was written between 1660 and 1798. Neoclassical literature is characterized by order, accuracy, and structure. Popular types of literature include parody, essays. satire, letters, fables, melodrama, and rhyming with couplets. Source: http://study.com/academy/lesson/neoclassical-literature-definition-characteristics-movement.html