Southern Africa facts Pages 377-396

1.South Africa's Kalahari Desert is part of a huge sand basin that reaches from the Orange River up to Angola, in the west to Namibia and east to Zimbabwe.

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2.South Africa's most famous landform is Table Mountain, a flat-topped peak forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town.

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3.The Drakensberg (or Dragon Mountains) are the highest mountain range in Southern Africa, rising to over 11,000 ft) in height. South Africa's highest point, Njesuthi at 11,181 ft. (3,408 m) is located there.

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4.Limpopo River has a Basin area of 160,232 mi² and a Length of 1,087 mi and it's Sources are Crocodile River, Marico River.

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5.Orange River has a Length of 1,367 mi and a Basin area of 375,677 mi² and it's Sources: are Drakensberg, Lesotho, Maloti Mountains (Lesotho).


6. Vaal River has a Length of 695.9 mi and a Basin area of 75,845 mi² and it's Source is Drakensberg.

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7.(((((((((((((((((((((“Which type of landform is common in Southern Africa?”)))))))))))))))))))))

plateau is the answer.

8.Tropical rainforest – found in the centre of the continent and also along the eastern coast of Madagascar.

9.Humid sub-tropical – found in the southwest.

10.southern africa keeps the average temperatures below 30 degrees Celsius. In winter.

11.The cold Benguela current causes moderate temperatures on the West Coast, and on the central plateau

12.“Why are temperatures in Southern Africa’s tropical countries generally not hot?”

Even with lots sunlight, it can get cold at the equator if you climb high enough. Mt. Kilimanjaro is very close to the equator (3° S), and is topped with a glacier due to its summit elevation of nearly 20,000 feet.

13.Mining production picked up in the final quarter of 2015; annualised growth in real output accelerated from -9,8% in the third quarter of 2015 to 1,5% in the final quarter, supported by the higher production of especially diamonds and nickel.The Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) continues to focus, among other things, on ensuring the best utilisation of mineral resources

14.The landscapes of South Africa offer the full spectrum of habitat types (from dense green forests to arid deserts, and everything in-between), making them ideal for thousands of species. These include exciting predators, birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians and a huge variety of fascinating insects.

15.Deforestation dries up dams threatening hydropower.

Lesson 2

1.Punt was a country in modern day Eritrea that often traded with Anicent Egypt but also far away kingdom like Asia.

2.Great Zimbabwe, extensive stone ruins of an African Iron Age city.

It lies in southeastern Zimbabwe, about 19 miles (30 km) southeast of Masvingo (formerly Fort Victoria).

3.Around 1425, Mutota, king of the Shona, embarked on conquest of the inland plateau, the region located between the Zambezi River and the Limpopo River, to the coast of Mozambique. In 1480, Matope died, hurling the empire into a power struggle, with factions seeking to split from the empire.

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4.The city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture. Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umueri clan, who trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure, Eri.

5.It has been generally established that the Bantu-speaking people of Southern Africa gradually migrated from West and East Africa.

6.Clashes broke out Friday between Israeli security forces and Palestinian protesters in the West Bank.

7.In 1907 the British granted limited self-government to both the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony, and in subsequent elections, Het Volk and the Oranje Unie swept to victory.

8.The powerful Ottoman Empire blocked European access to markets in the East.

9.The period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914. It is also called the Partition of Africa and the Conquest of Africa. In 1870, only 10 percent of Africa was under European control; by 1914 it had increased to 90 percent of the continent.

10.This year marks the 10th anniversary of that milestone event, the Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing, China, in 1995.

11.To a much greater extent than those of other European colonial powers, Portugal’s African empire was woven deeply into the culture, politics, and economics of the metropole.

12.In 1992, Heads of Government of the region agreed to transform SADCC into the Southern African Development Community (SADC), with the focus on integration of economic development.

13.All constitutional dispensations, prior to the first democratic elections of 1994, where premised on the principle of representation in separate institutions based on race with a steadfast commitment to white supremacy.

Lesson 3

1.There is Farmers, kings and traders in southern Africa.

2.The spatial distribution of populations and settlements across a country and their interconnectivity and accessibility from urban areas are important for delivering healthcare, distributing resources and economic development. However, existing spatially explicit population data across Africa are generally based on outdated, low resolution input demographic data, and provide insufficient detail to quantify rural settlement patterns and, thus, accurately measure population concentration and accessibility. Here we outline approaches to developing a new high resolution population distribution dataset for Africa and analyse rural accessibility to population centers. Contemporary population count data were combined with detailed satellite-derived settlement extents to map population distributions across Africa at a finer spatial resolution than ever before.

3.South Africans represent a rich array of ethnic backgrounds, but the idea of ethnicity became highly explosive during the apartheid era, when the government used it for political and racial purposes. Whites in South Africa often attributed the recent centuries of warfare in the region to the varied origins of its peoples, rather than to the increasing economic pressures they had faced. Government officials, accordingly, imposed fairly rigid ethnic or tribal categories on a fluid social reality, giving each black African a tribal label, or identity, within a single racial classification.

4.Religion is an important part of millions of people's lives across the world. Thousands of African people are converted to Christianity every day and in Nigeria about 20 new religious sects or groups come into being every month. There are many different religions and some of them have been celebrating their faith, telling their stories and teaching their principles for thousands of years.

5.Christianity, African Independent Churches, African traditional religions, Islam, Judaism and Hinduism.

6.The great mixture of cultures makes for a wide variety of food choices in the country, from the traditional food of various cultures to the cosmopolitan cuisine that is available in many large cities throughout the world.

7.Many rural communities in Zimbabwe still lack access to reliable energy. This means they have no light in the evening, limited access to radio and modern communications, inadequate education and health facilities, and not enough power for their work and businesses.

8.Urban settlements in Southern and Eastern Africa have experienced major changes in the processes that influence their nature and their role in national development since the 1960s, when independence came to many of the countries in the region. At the most basic level these changes reflect trends in economic development so that the economic declines, which have afflicted so many of the region’s nations since the end of the 1970s, have been translated into worse urban poverty and inadequate (or virtually non-existent) urban services. Beyond this basic backdrop, however, there are other important factors that have influenced urban trends. These are often more nuanced in their impact, with some significant degree of differentiation across the region.

9.The cultural and physical diversity added with the dramatic social changes of the last three decades on the continent makes the family pattern situation so variegated as to defy any sweeping generalizations. As the African society has not been static, changes in the traditional family patterns will be briefly alluded to.

10.About 44 million people live in South Africa. Blacks make up almost 80 % of the population.

11.2016 amid great optimism in southern Africa over an expected improvement in food security and the dawn of the official countdown to a continental free trade zone set for 2017.

12.the SADC Health Programme, developed in 1997 in line with global and regional health declarations and targets. Three key policy documents have been developed to underpin the implementation of the Programme, and implemented by the Social and Human Development, and Special Programmes Directorate

13.a high level of poverty in Southern Africa, communicable diseases are a serious concern for social and human development in the region. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) region accounts for one-third of all people living with HIV and AIDS worldwide; eight SADC Member States are among those countries with the highest rates of tuberculosis; and 75% of the SADC population is at risk of contracting malaria. Diseases is a major threat to sustainable development in the region. A number of protocols, declarations, plans, and programmes have been developed to combat communicable diseases, led by the Social and Human Development and Special Programmes Directorate.

14. USAID Southern Africa Regional Economic Growth programs aim to promote sustainable economic growth in targeted areas by improving agricultural productivity, increasing trade, integrating climate change into policy and decision making, and ensuring sound management of transboundary natural resources. The Regional Portfolio supports programming across the 15 Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries in economic growth.

15.One report stated that in 2008 about 5 million people lack access to water and 15 million lack access to basic sanitation. This number has improved greatly since the end of apartheid in 1994,

16.Why is life expectancy in Southern Africa so low? South Africa is one of 11 countries worldwide where life expectancy fell between 1990 and last year.


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