Thomas Jefferson Andrew purpus

The Midnight Appointment Act

John Adams signed into law the Judiciary Act of 1801 which reorganized the federal court system. The midnight judges were selected by President John Adams who signed appointments up until midnight on his last day in office.

Judicial Review

The Court can review any federal state or local law or action to see if it is constitutional. Without judicial review the legislative branch would be free to pass any law without regard to it constitutionality

Louisiana purchase

Land deal between the United States and France in which the U.S. acquired 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million in 1803.

Jefferson believed in a strict interpretation of the Constitution so constructed the purchase in the form of a treaty...
Great deal for the young United States.... Literally doubled the size of the country at a cost of only $.03/acre.

Lewis and Clark

Lewis and Clark Expedition started May 1804 to September 1806 also known as the Discovery Expedition it was the first American expedition to cross what is now the western portion of the United States.

The Embargo act

Law passed by the United State Congress and signed by President Thomas Jefferson on December 22 1807. It stopped American ships from trading in all foreign ports.

Jefferson and the United States Congress faced stiff criticism in opposition to the passage of the Embargo Act.

Non-Intercourses Act

Non-Intercourse Act of 1809 replaced the 1807 Embargo Act which had a war with Britain and France but had backfired on the government by effectively strangling all American overseas trade. The United States would trade with the first of the two of which would recognize the sovereignty of the United States and respect our country's shipping rights.... France was the first to do so...


men into a military or naval force by compulsion with or without notice. Navies of several nations used forced recruitment by various means. The British navy did not pay very well, in comparison, United States shipping company's paid very well and often, British sailors would dessert and join with the American counterparts. This forced the British to actively seek out dissenters and occasionally force American born citizens to serve on their vessels.

Leopard and Chesapeake

Leopard an Chesapeake Affair was a naval engagement that occurred off the coast of Norfolk, Virginia on 22 June 1807 between the British warship HMS Leopard and the American frigate USS Chesapeake. 8 Americans injured, 3 killed and 4 taken aboard the HMS Leopard. This led western and southern Congressmen (aka War Hawks) to call for an American response to such transgressions.

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson was the was the 3rd president of the united states he was born April 13, 1743 Shadwell VA. When Jefferson was a kid he wanted to read book and go to college to get the most highest evacuation humanly possible then when he was 16 he walk 100 miles to William and Mary.

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Andrew Andrewp

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