What it does/guarantee/protect?
If a person doesn't want to give information about themselves, the person can plead the fifth, which gives a person the right to refuse to answer questions that proves them to be involved in a criminal offence, except in cases in the militia, when in time of war or public danger. You have the right not to answer police questions both while in custody or in court. No one can be subjected for the same offenses to be again put in danger of life. No one can be forced in any crime case to be a witness against himself, or be in danger of losing life, liberty, or property. No one's property be taken away from them for public use, without a their permission.
The fifth amendment states that "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury" but in some cases people don't know that. For example in a court case investigation for Stewart, he was accused for purse-snatching and in which one of the victims died of injuries caused by her robber. The police went to Stewart's house and arrested him, his wife, and three other friends that were visiting him at the time. Steward was put in a cell and for five days investigators went in to his cell to talk to him nine times about the robbing, and on the ninth time Stewart admitted to grabbing the purse but didn't mean to hurt her. The other four people were released because there was no evidence that they were involved. At the trial Stewart was convicted of robbery and first degree murder and sentenced to death. After, the court realized that they should of advised Stewart that he had the option to remain silent.
Why is it Important?
The fifth Amendment is important because if it wasn't written then people wouldn't have the option not to answer a question about a crime, even if they did the crime or not. If they didn't do it then it gives them the option to remain silent until proven guilty.
Facts and Case Summary - Miranda v. Arizona." United States Courts. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.
"Bill of Rights." Bill of Rights Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.