Clean Water By: Shea Mcgrillen

Part 1

Clean water is a massive issue that our world today, and our world of the future faces. The World Economic Forum in 2015 highlighted the water crisis as the top global risk based on impact to society. However we do need to understand that water is not just needed to nourish our body's, but many more different factors of the world.

Clean Water

The water crisis increases every year as population icreases. Todays water is not at scale necessary to meet the water needs of humanity and nature. Although groundwater remains the primary source of water worldwide, it is being depleted. The use of water is growing twice as fast as human population increases. https://themp.org/#group_id=4f98b160e3dfc62b2e000188&section=report

To this day, many consumption methods are being created and used to save water. On the other hand many people still go without clean water in our day and age. https://themp.org/#group_id=4f98b160e3dfc62b2e000188&section=report

This photo shows only some of the constant challenges of the current water crisis. https://themp.org/#group_id=4f98b160e3dfc62b2e000188&section=report

This graph shows the increase in percentage of people who gain access to clean water. https://themp.org/#group_id=4f98b160e3dfc62b2e000188&section=report

Notice the slight increase in percentage over the last 10 years. https://themp.org/#group_id=4f98b160e3dfc62b2e000188&section=report

Over 2.3 billion more people have gained access to safe drinking water since 1990. The MDG goal of halving the number of people without access to improved drinking water was achieved in 2010. https://themp.org/#group_id=4f98b160e3dfc62b2e000188&section=report

This graph shows the renewable internal freshwater resources per capita. https://themp.org/#group_id=4f98b160e3dfc62b2e000188&section=report

Agriculture

Agriculture accounts for approximately 3,100 billion per 100 liters, or 71% of global water withdrawals today. Without efficiency gains agriculture use will increase to 4,500 billion per 100 liters.

With no gain in water productivity, evapotranspiration could double in the next 50 years with an increase in food demand, but it could be held to 20-30% increase with adequate investments and practices aimed at improving water productivity. https://themp.org/#group_id=4f98b160e3dfc62b2e000188&section=report

This graph shows the amount of food produced, globally, each day. Clean water is a necessity in production of food. https://themp.org/#group_id=4f98b160e3dfc62b2e000188&section=report
This bar graph shows the average daily water use of Americans. http://www.threeactionsproject.org/Actions/Track-Your-Daily-Water- Use.php

This video shows how important water really is in our daily lives. This video shows that water is needed to creat anything we humans use in our daily life. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=On9WRrFHVjY

Part 2

The Consequences of the Water Crisis

The water crisis today is one of many massive global challenges of our world today. Not conserving water has caused many problems throughout the world and widely affects many people.

The Future Demand for Fresh Water All Over The World Could Be Reduced By:

  • Saltwater agriculture on coastlines
  • Hydroponics
  • Aquaponics
  • Vertical Urban Agriculture instillation in buildings
  • Producing pure meat without growing animals
  • Increasing vegetarianism
  • Fixing leaking pipes
  • The reuse of treated water

The pie chart shows each category and percentage of water usage in the United States. https://www3.epa.gov/watersense/our_water/water_use_today.html

http://www.businessinsider.com/americas-about-to-hit-a-water-crisis-2015-4

This chart shows the current crisis in the United States and the likely outcome of water shortages in each state. http://www.businessinsider.com/americas-about-to-hit-a-water-crisis-2015-4

"A global 'water crisis' looms large for many developing countries. Managing the world’s water supplies involves navigating the conflicting needs arising from economic growth, poverty, food security, political stability and climate change".

http://www.global-economic-symposium.org/knowledgebase/the-global-environment/the-crisis-of-water-management/proposals/the-crisis-of-water-management-response

http://competitiveness.in/author/amitkapoor/

This diagram shows the current water crisis all around the world and the sub challenges created by the water crisis. http://competitiveness.in/author/amitkapoor/

Part 3: Brazil

The water crisis in Brazil has become a significant problem over the last few years. Because of the massive import and export trade constructed in Brazil a significant amount of water is lost each year.

This diagram shows the increase in water shortage in Brazil. http://www.wri.org/blog/2014/11/3-maps-help-explain-são-paulo-brazil’s-water-crisis

Almost 40% of the treated water in Brazil is wasted. With the increase of exports, throughout the year, Brazil send about 112 trillion gallons of fresh water. https://themp.org/#group_id=4f98b160e3dfc62b2e000188&section=report

The current reservoirs of Sãu Paulo, Brazil hold less than two weeks worth of water during the drought. http://www.wri.org/blog/2014/11/3-maps-help-explain-são-paulo-brazil’s-water-crisis

http://www.wri.org/blog/2014/11/3-maps-help-explain-são-paulo-brazil’s-water-crisis

"Brazil’s water resources and population are very unevenly distributed".http://www.wri.org/blog/2014/11/3-maps-help-explain-são-paulo-brazil’s-water-crisis

Because the Brazilian government is so weak, they are unable to respond to the water crisis currently occupying many of the urban Brazilian cities.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-29947965

The water levels of the Cantareira reservoir remain dangerously low. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-29947965

If Sãu Paulo, Brazil does not conserve water, it could face terrible death rates and suffering throughtout the entire city. https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=8xAiMWtVs5k

Credits:

Created with images by qimono - "water drop droplet" • esudroff - "water bubbles macro" • StateofIsrael - "Agriculture" • avocadogirlfriend - "Water" • Ju-x - "ship"

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