Era of good feelings
This name was given to James Monroe's two terms in office due to the period of strong nationalism, economic growth, territorial expansion, and fewer partisan conflicts
The American system
This system was proposed by Henry Clay and stressed the importance of a strong banking system, protective tariffs, and a network of canals and roads. This system helped develop the growing American house market, and allowed it to be come self-sustaining. Under this system all these were created.
Protective Tariffs- Raise the taxes on imports, to make them less liked. This protected domestic industry from foreign industry
Internal improvements- The building of new infrastructure inside the US, like roads, and canals
National Highway- The highways which link all the states together
Erie canal- Canal made to open the Great Lakes to the atlantic ocean. This created a population surge and opened regions farther west to be colonized
This treaty was made to demilitarize the Great Lakes, which the British had many armadas and forts along. This treaty also helped improve relations between the US and Great Britain in the years following the War of 1812. It also set up the border between the US, and Canada.
This war started due to the Seminole Native Americans continued to raid American land. This led to the US invading the Spanish territory of Florida. Andrew Jackson wanted to end the Seminole so he went into the Spanish territory, this led to a was with Spain who later ceded the territory to the Americans in the Adams-Onís treaty. The US forced the Seminoles into a small area in the center of the territory. Later the US would try to force the Natives out again, and this would end in many hiding out in the Everglades.
The Adams-Onís treaty was the treaty between Spain and the US for Spain to ceded the Florida territory to the US.
Convention of 1818
This convention between the US and Great Britain decided the 49th parallel was where the Louisiana territories boundary was. They also agreed to have a joint holding of the Oregon territory.
Panic of 1819
This was the first financial crisis in America. It led to widespread foreclosures, bank failures, unemployment, and a slump in agriculture. This ended the economic flourish after the War of 1812.
Land act of 1820
The land act of 1820 was made due to the panic of 1819. Due to the decline in the American economy the US passed the land act of 1820, and replace the old one. The original allowed anyone to buy 160 acres of land for $2.00 an acre, the new land act gave less land 80 acres but at $1.25 per acre. This also calmed westerns who wanted cheaper land.
This was a compromise made by Henry Clay, to keep the number of slave states, and free states equal. This made the newly added state of Missouri a slave state and Maine as a free state. The Kansas-Nebraska act changed this and allowed Kansas and Nebraska to chose whether they wanted to be free or slave based on popular sovereignty.
Santa Fe Trail
This trail was the first to travel from the US to Mexico. It spans 900 miles from Missouri to Santa Fe. This trail was used by merchants to trade, and was also later used by the US during the invasion of Mexico.
The monroe doctrine was made because the US and GB were afraid over the European expansion. These were points made in it.
1. U.S. neutral in Europe's affairs.
2. U.S. wouldn't interfere in European colonies that were in the western hemisphere.
3. There would be no further colonization in the western hemisphere.
4. European control of any nation in the western hemisphere would be viewed as hostile.