The Ring Shout to The Hip-Hop Cypher Improvisation of the Black Experience

Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Around by Dr. P. Kimberleigh Jordan (Citations 1, 9, 12)

The Film "Dear White People" mentioned on Page 3 (Citation 2)

(Citations 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 are found in the article posted above)

The Life of Olaudah Equiano (Citation 10 from on page 43)

White's Man Magic by Dr. Vincent Wimbush (Citation 11 from page 87)

This is a 5 Percenter Cypher

This is a Hip Hop Cypher

This is a modern Hip-Hop Dance Cypher

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