WWI Survival Guide By: Rebecca stroup


Collection de casques Adrian TC 2010 by Monfort1

Before steel helmets were created, the militarys wore soft caps with no protection against artillery of any kind. The British were the first to wear the steel helmets, other countries were fond of their steel helmet and made some of their own. Even though it didn't prevent every artillery, it reduced deaths by 70% ("10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches").

Gas Mask

US WWI Gas mask with bag by historicair is licensed by Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

The early gas masks were simply cotton pads that soaked in the chemicals and/or poorly ventilated hood with eye glass that either fogged up or cracked. The tube helmet was built with a tube to help the soldier to breath and it was filled with a chemical that helped get rid of the most poisonous gas, photogenic gas. But then the helmet got uncomfortable and replaced it with the Small Box Respirator mask, which was the most effective one; the death rate went down to about 3% ("10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches").

Mosquito Net

Postcard; mosquito net to be worn as a veil by Wellcome Images is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

One of the greatest conflicts WWI was that more soldiers were dying from disease more than deaths in battles. The nurses wouldn't treat it cause they didn't want it to spread. This net was first issued to the British troops to protect them from mosquitoes and other insects that might spread diseases ("10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches").


Messenger dog with its handler by National Library of Scotland there is no known copyright restrictions

The dogs helped with carrying messages to different trenches, they also acted as watch dogs. They also scouted for hidden enemies, and they carried medical supplies to injured men. They also killed the rats in the trenches ("What Was It like in a World War One Trench?")


Soldier's comrades watching him as he sleeps by National Library of Scotland, there is no known copyright restrictions

Sandbags were filled with earth and mud and were stacked on top of the trench walls. This gave the soldiers in the trenches more protection from enemy fire. Some of the trench duties is to refill the sandbags after damage from enemy attack ("What Was It like in a World War One Trench?").


  1. "10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches." Imperial War Museums, IWM, 2016, www.iwm.org.uk/history/10-things-that-could-have-saved-your-life-in-the-trenches. Accessed 24 Mar. 2017.
  2. "What Was It like in a World War One Trench?" BBC, www.bbc.co.uk/guides/z8sssbk#zwcccdm. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

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