The Strange Case of Dr.Jekyll and Mr. Hyde By: Haley Meyers

Setting

  • Setting regarding Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is during the Victorian Era, in England. This allows Dr. Jekyll to thrive in and around his town. The town as a whole causes Jekyll to repress and push down his feelings. Thus forming Mr. Hyde.
  • The setting of the novel plays an important role alongside its characterization. It is set around London, England but the author (Robert Louis Stevenson) recalls upon his childhood home in Edinburgh. This ultimately allows the theme to thrive and live throughout the books course.
  • Old Victorian era is represented throughout the chapter. The clothing, the description of the old towns, and the tales of olden times. Utterson goes into detail of an old encounter (olden tale), with Mr. Hyde. “It wasn’t like a man; it was like some damned Juggernaut.” (pg. 9)

characterization

  • Through the setting, we see the rise and fall of all characters in the novel. Characterization by definition is a description of the distinctive nature or features of someone or something.
  • Characters: Dr. Jekyll, Mr. Hyde, Mr. Utterson, Dr. Lanyon, Carew, Mr. Enfield and the servants.
  • Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are physically different. Hyde is much smaller compared to Jekyll. Jekyll is described to be a wealthy, middle-aged man while Hyde is a young, energetic fellow.
  • "Mr. Utterson, The Lawyer, was a man of rugged countenance, that was never lighted by a smile; cold, scanty, and embarrassed in discourse; backward in sentiment; lean, long, dusty, dreary, and yet somehow lovable." (Pg. 9)
  • Jekyll has become a social recluse, and does not keep anyone close. His strange change of nature brings about questions of his internal standings.
  • Utterson: finds himself in detective work regarding the mysterious Mr. Hyde. This shows the era of mystery novels. “It offended him as a lawyer and as a lover of the sane…” (page 15). This was when he went through Jekyll’s will regarding Hyde’s estate after he leaves.

metaphors and allegories

  • Metaphors and allegories are used periodically throughout the novel.
  • Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are metaphors in themselves. One represents good while the other represents evil.
  • There are also smaller metaphors used to describe beatings and dealing with stress. For example, "he is in deep waters!" Dr. Jekyll is not in need for a float but, in need of help for he might be in trouble.

POINT of view

  • Point of view is the angle of considering things, which shows us the opinion, or feelings of the individuals involved in a situation.
  • The point of view in the novel is third person limited. We see the story through the eyes of Mr. Utterson.
  • There are accounts that follow other's perceptions but, we ultimately follow Mr. Utterson throughout the vast majority of the novel.
  • We as the readers follow Utterson to keep us in the dark regarding the mystery surrounding Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Utterson has beginnign thoughts and suspicions regarding his clients friend Hyde.
  • The story is brought about this way in such a fashion to create mystery, draw out suspense, and the shock of nature that was necessary to make the novel complete.
  • Chapter 10 in a whole shifts. It changes point of view from Utterson to Jekyll. The mysteries of the book reveal themselves. Hyde is physically smaller than Jekyll, which leads to believe that the good side of Jekyll is bigger and more dominant than his evil or bad side.

MOOD AND TONE

  • The mood and tone come to the story as a whole being cliff-hanging and melodramatic.
  • "The most racking pangs succeeded: a grinding in the bones, deadly nausea, and a horror of the spirit that cannot be exceeded at the hour of birth or death. Then these agonies began swiftly to subside, and I came to myself as if out of a great sickness." (pg. 57)
  • I’ve noticed early in the book that whenever Hyde is around, Jekyll is “sick.” Jekyll becomes antisocial and repressed from all of his social encounters and friendships. The letters with instructions to other letters, gives and unending feeling or sense to the mystery.

Theme

  • The theme of the novel The Strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde varies from person to person. There are multiple interpretations of the book as a whole. Mine is the battle between good and evil. The book discusses the duality of human nature in Jekyll/Hyde.
  • Jekyll and Hyde, though different in appearance and emotional behavior, are still the same person. Edward Hyde comes from Jekyll, but possibly even more terrifying, is that Jekyll comes from Hyde. In every evil, corrupt individual lies some form of goodness, which may be even scarier.

vocabulary

Countenance- calm facial expression; composure.

Scanty- meager; not adequate.

Austere- severe in manner or appearance; uncompromising; strict; forbidding

Emulously- desirous of equaling or excelling

Sordid- morally ignoble or base; vile

Somber- gloomily dark; shadowy; dimly lighted

Relish- liking or enjoyment of the taste of something.

Detestable- deserving to be detested; abominable; hateful.

Protege- a person under the patronage, protection, or care of someone interested in his or her career or welfare.

Cancer- any evil condition or thing that spreads destructively; blight.

Contrive- to plan with ingenuity; devise; invent

Gaiety- the state of being joyous, vivacious, or cheerful.

Pedant- a person who makes an excessive or inappropriate display of learning.

Blatant- brazenly obvious; flagrant

Abominable- repugnantly hateful; detestable; loathsome

Callous- showing a cruel regard for others

Amities- friendships

Stringent- strict

Inscrutable- mysterious, unable to be understood

Recluse- a person who lives in seclusion

Abject- miserable, wretched

Disconsolate-cheerless

Mien- bearing or manner

Traversed- crossed over

Ken- one’s range of knowledge or sight

Duplicity- the state of being twofold, double

Incongruous- lacking agreement

Unscrupulous- lacking moral integrity

Bestial- of or like an animal; cruel or depraved

Avidity-extreme eagerness

Credits:

Created with images by LunarSeaArt - "broken glass shattered glass" • werner22brigitte - "foggy mist forest" • rkarkowski - "moon the fullness of sky" • stux - "fog outlines pine" • mary1826 - "smoke smoky steam" • Unsplash - "country wine grape" • garryknight - "A Fragment Of Jekyll And Hyde" • Emily is skittles - "creepy hand photo"

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