18 groups in the north-west of Chaco. Many communities in Formosa, departments of Bermejo , Matacos, Patiño and Ramón Lista. Other communities are located in Salta, departments of San Martín , Rivadavia, some of them with just a few individuals, Orán, Metán and Anta, being the latter three more isolated; and in Jujuy, departments of Santa Bárbara, San Pedro and Ledesma.
The Wichi's team sport is yah ha la which is like the lacrosse. The purpose of the game is lost but there is still heavy gambling and is still a fun sport. They use scraps of materials to make crafts. All items are hand crafted in scented wood, finished, and polished. They prefer to use chips and scraps, so they don't waste trees.
The Wichí traditionally supported themselves by hunting, fishing, and growing food in small gardens. Their land was once fertile grassland and forest which supported them and provided them with all their needs.
But the introduction of cattle onto their land has turned it into a dry sandy desert, leaving them vulnerable to periods of real hunger and starvation, and much more dependent on occasional employment by outsiders for their survival.
The Wichí’s land has steadily been invaded over the last 100 years. Since then, loggers have felled their forest, and settlers have introduced cattle. These cattle not only turn the land already stolen from the Wichí into desert, but also break into the tiny plots of land which the Wichí have managed to hold on to, destroying their crops.The Wichí have been left almost landless and without their livelihood. The local Salta authorities have, since 1966, repeatedly promised to recognise Indian territory in their province – but have failed to fulfil one single promise.
On the contrary, they have worked with the landowners to continue to deny the Wichí their land, handing it to settlers, and authorising its deforestation.The local government wants to build a trunk road connecting the bridge into Paraguay to the state highway system, opening up the area to further commercialisation.