A MEDIEVAL SIEGE IN ACTION
Definition of Siege: It is a war strategy in which the enemy surrounds a castle cutting off supplies, so the ones inside have no choice but to surrender.
Even in medieval times, people had powerful weapons to their disposal to use in battle against their enemies. In 400 b.c, the Ballista was one of the most powerful war engines in the siege of castles in medieval times.
Invented by the Greek and modified by the Romans, the Ballista, was a powerful weapon able to aim and launch heavy bolts, darts and arrows of all sizes and types across long distances of terrain. Imagine a modern missile launcher. That is what the equal modern version would be of the Ballista.
The design and making of the Ballista required great engineering and expertise. It's arms were made of wood and ropes that were used as springs when attached to each arm. The ropes were made of twisted human hair, and of animal sinew. The rope connected to the two throwing arms and were retracted into a firing position.
"The Ballista was made of two torsion springs mounted in a frame and wound in opposite directions each retracted a resilient throwing arm"
Castles were built by kings and lords in the middle ages. They were used for protection against invasions. Initially they were made of wood; however they were weak against fire. As of result, stone replaced wood and stone castles were born. These were very effective stopping a siege. An interesting fact is that back then they had a law that prohibited novels from building castles. The privilege of making castles was reserved for king and lords only.