Canada is a nation of newcomers. Originally inhabited by Aboriginal peoples, immigration to Canada began with the French and British colonization in the 17th century. The trend continued through the 18th and 19th centuries with United Empire loyalists who fled the United States during the American Civil War. A subsequent wave of immigration from Europe after the two World Wars brought many new cultures, languages and religious groups to Canada, resulting in many changes in government policy and the first laws to protect diversity.
During the last 60 years, immigration has continued to flourish, with newcomers arriving from every corner of the globe. In 1971, Canada became the first country in the world to enact an official policy of multiculturalism, showing how valued diversity is in Canada’s political and social landscape.
The Canadian constitution, implemented by Prime Minister Trudeau in 1982 contained a Charter of Rights and Freedoms that protected multiculturalism. The Canadian Multiculturalism Act was introduced in 1988 and federal funds began to be distributed to ethnic groups to assist them in preserving their cultures.
The Canadian Multiculturalism Act was introduced in 1988 and federal funds began to be distributed to ethnic groups to assist them in preserving their cultures. Many of the cultural community centres that exist today were established during this time as a result of this funding.(http://canadianimmigrant.ca/guides/moving-to-canada/diversity-in-canada-an-overview)
What is Material Culture?
Material culture includes the physical objects that can be seen, touched and felt by others. Buildings, architecture, songs, art, music, plant fields, canals, tanks, statues along with some thousands of other creations we can identify as examples in material culture. Material culture has made humans the dominant beings on earth. (http://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-material-and-vs-non-material-culture/)