My diary literature

What is literature?

Literature represents the tradition of a language and the different cultures of people in the world. I think that it could represent a good escape from reality, the rigors and the obligations of daily life. Personally, I never thought that literature was essential, however, I will try to seize this opportunity and explore new places and new things with mind and heart.

Geoffrey Chaucer

Geoffrey Chaucer was the most important author of the Middle Ages and became known as "the father of English literature". He chose to write in English, rather than in Latin or French and he was a revolutionary man, because of the themes, of the fact that he revealed the point of view of a woman, the Wife of Bath, and the vastness of the characters he used, which belong to almost all social classes: they were vibrant, believable and described in details. Also the verse were innovative and he wrote in rhyming couplets of iambic pentameter, that is the type of verse Shakespeare used, although with different schemes, time after. Not by chance he was the first writer to have been buried in the Poet's corner in Westminster Abbey. His unfinished masterpiece is undoubtely "The Canterbury Tales", that works like an historical document because it describes the English society of that time and it also casts light on the condition of the people (particularly that of the women) of that time. The main themes are religion, marriage, love, chivalry and magic. The story deals with some pilgrims and some of the most important figures are the aforementioned Wife of Bath, the Merchant, the Priest, the Prioress, the Knight, his son, theSquire, and others: they were thirty, including Chaucer. I really liked the way he portrayed the characters and, in particular, I loved the Prioress. I don't know why but she reminds me, in some way, although in other things we are completely different. She is a nun and her name is Mme. Eglantyne. She has an elegant nose, glass-grey eyes, a small mouth, soft and red, a big forehead and she is by no means undergrown. She is charming and elegant lady, a most fastidious person and she sings and speaks a little French. The thing that comes completely into focus when we read the description given by the author is the emphasis that he gives to the importance of good and courtly manners for the Prioress. You can understand the nun character only by how she behaves at the table and it is marked that is very good at his dog by feeding him directly to the morsels from the table. Here Chaucer wants to emphasize the controversial behavior of the woman, who owns a dog, although she would not be granted, and its tendency to break and not respect the rules pf semplicity and poverty. Under this aspect I cannot put myself in her figure, while being educated and have good manners, I think that reflects me a lot as a character.

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare is the most important writer of the English literature. He was a revolutionary man and, in London, he soon distinguished as excellent play writer. He wrote sonnets, comedies and tragedies, but not to be read or published, instead he wrote to be performed. Shakespeare uses a huge variety of themes in his plays but what emerges the most and what I really like is the complexity and the range of human feelings. He is able to dig into the heart and the human mind and express exactly how a person feels. Another aspect that struck me particularly is his writing and the use of such contrasting figures, as life and death, and the way they are explained: Shakespeare often uses difficult concepts but he manages to make them simple, through the use of language, repeating them several times, without ever being redundant.


What I found very interesting of this play is the plot: I loved the way he created the interweaving stories. Hamlet is much more than a tragedy of revenge; there are lots of things in stake and also here I can notice the contrast between the different concepts; from the themes I can perceive the way people thought at that time. I really liked the variety of themes he used in only one play: father/son and mother/son relationships, love relationships, madness, youth and age, ambiguity in life, that there is also in the language he used, action and inaction, reality and pretention, corruption linked to the power, existence of God, tension between life and death, life after death and the meaning of the theatre itself.

"Ha! Have you eyes"

The part of the tragedy that I appreciate most is "Ha! Have you eyes", when Hamlet talks to the Queen, his mother; this is my favorite because Shakespeare, through the use of language, can give ambiguity to the scene and especially to the characters, as you can not figure out if Hamlet is really mad or pretending. In this scene the language is rough and from this dialogue you can also see the relationship between mother and son: Gertrude reflected the image of the woman that is not completely independent, while Hamlet appears as an enterprising young man who wants to redeem his father, using a language that is different from that which would have had to use a prince: he refers to sex and he abuses his mum both verbally and physically.

Hamlet meets his father's ghost

I saw three interpretations of the part of the tragedy in which Hamlet meets the ghost of his father: the movie scene were very different and conflicting. The one that I found most effective was the first, in which Hamlet meets the spirit in the woods, because the actors were able to give the right tone to the interpretation and the effect, that resulted very realistic; also the atmosphere and the appearance of the ghost were well played. Instead, what I liked least was the one set in 1948: I found it old and unrealistic. While the last scene was produced well, but lacked in emotions.

Romeo & Juliet

Romeo & Juliet is definitely one of the most famous works of Shakespeare and, after Hamlet, the one I prefer. I find the plot very interesting as the stories of the two lovers are intertwined with the faults of the two families; the drama is enriched with themes whose complexity goes beyond the affair of love. I really liked Romeo because of his way of approaching to Juliet and the relationship that is established by the two.

Balcony scene

Act II, Scene II

This is undoubtedly one of the best-known steps of Shakespeare's works and I really enjoyed it. The two lovers declare their love to each other. While Romeo praises Juliet's beauty with neo-platonic images in the style of the courtly tradition, Juliet's declaration is quite different. I liked the playwriter's idea of openly declaring Juliet's feelings, in a different way from that of his beloved: she is younger, and therefore more passionate, somewhat outspoken and completely unconscious of the fact that Romeo is listening to her. Shakespeare creates a particular atmosphere between the two.


Macbeth is the shortest tragedy written by Shakespeare, it has a simple plot and a lot of psychological analysis of each characters. I liked this play for this reason, Shakespeare is always capable of analyzing human consciousness deeply, in this case, above all, he makes you understands the fact that in every human being there is evil and we are all potentially bad, through treason of values, one of the main themes.

A tale told by an idiot

This part of the tragedy is my favourite one. Here I really appreciated the metaphors that Shakespeare used to describe life and the fact that he makes us understand that he had a very pessimistic view of human existence.

"Out, out, brief candle!" Metaphor of life, that is like a candle, it consumes itself soon.
The merchant of Venice

Of Shakespeare's texts, the Merchant of Venice is the one I liked less. The plot is more articulated and is divided in two levels: there is a main plot and a subplot. I liked, like in all the other plays, the variety of themes that the author has managed to enclude in a single text, but what has emerged more and I liked a lot was the love and hate. Here there are various types of love, that of friends, the romantic one, and the one for the money. The hatred, which is alternates with love, is what Christian and Jews feel to each other in the society.

I am a Jew

This part strucked me for the strength it expresses, in which Shylock argues that Jews are human beings like Christians. I liked Shakespeare's technique in using a lot of questions to deal with some issues, this is powerful.

The perks of being a wallflower, Chbosky
The Book

This is an epistle novel that tells the experiences of the first year of high school of Charlie, a problematic guy who overcomes his shyness through Patrick and Sam friendship, last year's students. It is a very exciting book for teenagers and more. In the end you are really affectionate to the protagonist, and it's great to immerse yourself in the atmosphere of the '90s, between the mixed cassettes and the music of the period. The novel is well-built: the protagonist narrates his story in first person and succeeds in giving a tone of ambiguity, making the receiver of his letters anonymous throughout the narration. The final is unexpected but it closes the circle of the story very well.

As far as I am concerned, what really makes the book unique is the sweetness and the purity of emotions that characterizes Charlie, which, in the end, represents a bit of all those timid teenagers in the first year of high school and remembers how rich of commotions, disturbances and unrest is the adolescence of each of us.

Light enough, but never to be superficial.

The Film

Taken from the book, it takes place in an intimate dimension. While I was looking at it, I was completely connected with the protagonist and his personal experiences, his world and his way of life.

Settings. Time - contemporaneity, 2012 Place - Pennsylvania, USA
Soundtracks. Some of the soundtracks are: Asleep, Could It Be Another Change, Tugboat, Come On Eileen, Temptation, Heroes. I think that the film director has chosen these songs because they are the same that the protagonist listens throughout the movie to make it closer to his dimention.
Movement of the camera. In this film there are many techniques in the use of the camera, for example the low camera level, the long shot, the cut, the aerial shot, the dolly shot and the zoom. The zoom and the low camera level are used to create a dimention in which the expressions of the actors could be seen better by the spectator and to make the images look bigger. The cut often is used because it is useful to the flashbacks; the long shot and the arial, instead, are used, for example, when charlie is alone or when the film director wants to emphasizie different aspects of the same scene.

Main differences between the book and the film. (These are things that are present in the book and not in the film).

  • in the book, Charlie's sister is pregnant
  • in the book, the name of the fast food is "Big Boy", in the film is "The King"
  • in the book, Charlie smokes
  • in the book, some of the names of Charlie's family are not explicit
  • in the book, Charlie can drive
  • in the book, Charlie knows Mary Elizabeth and Alice long time after
  • in the book, when Patrick and Charlie go to a park, Charlie meets the guy who reads the sports news
  • in the book, Charlie express more often his feelings for Sam and openly tells her that he loves her
  • in the book, there are many more references to Charlie's family, such as the relationship with the brother, already at the university
  • in the film, many scenes are not included

Personally, I preferred the book more than the movie, mainly because, as a epistle novel written in first person, the protagonist's emotions emerge more in motion, even though in the film you are able to see the expressions. In the book, in my opinion, the emotions that Charlie wants to express are more highlighted. Instead, the final, as far as the relationship with his friends has gone, I liked the movie more, as it seems that Charlie and Sam have managed to start the relationship Charlie would have always wanted.

This is a phrase that is repeated more than once in both the film and the book and it has struck me particularly because it represents in full, in my opinion, the kind of love that two people are conditioned to try each other.
Frankenstein, Mary Shelley
The Book

Reading the title of this book I would never want to open it to read it; it is not the kind I prefer, but it has impressed me a lot because it is a romantic story with intense passions like hate, despair, failure, revenge and annihilation. Frankenstein is an epistle novel, indeed, is told through the letters that Captain Robert Walton begins to write to his sister to tell her about a mission to the North pole. During this mission, Walton meets Victor Frankenstein and the story begins through the tale of Victor.

I really loved the way in which this book highlights the need for a man to feel invincible and be able to create a perfect being. But the man is unable to control such an ambitious and complicated project and ultimately manages to create a scary monster that hides a good soul.

Ghostly and engaging story.

The novel wants to emphasize several themes:

  • The need of communion, love and acceptance
  • The consequences of human ambition
  • The excesses that scientific research leads to
  • Solitude, which characterize both the monster and Victor
The Film
The Creature featured by Robert De Niro has a remarkable intensity. In my opinion, the actor succeeds in the intent of revealing the soul of the monster.

Based on the book, it really catapults you into the dimension of the story; the really extraordinary thing about this film is the part that the director has taken, that has been able to bring on the big screen a true "adaptation" of the literary text. Personally, it's not the kind of movie I prefer, but I've looked at it and I thought "nice", although I do not think I would watch it again.

Settings. Time - 1794 Place - Swiss Alps; England; Shepperton Studios, Shepperton (UK)
Soundtracks. Some of the soundtracks are: To think of a Story, What's out there?, Victor Begins, There's an answer, The creation. I think that the film director has chosen these songs because they were the most suitable to create the right tension at the right time.
Movement of the camera. Also in this film there are many techniques in the use of the camera: the film director decided to use the swooping camera shots to show in a better way, more closely the feeling of the monster. Then he used a work of the camera that is fast to show the frenetic movements of the characters. Then, also here, there is the use of the cut for the flashbacks.

Main differences between the book and the film.

  • Death of Elizabeth
  • Lack of some episodes of the book that are absent in the film
  • The marriage of the two lovers is differently wanted between book (parents) and film (Victor and Elizabeth)
  • In the book Victor has two brothers while in the movie he has only one
  • Death of Jiustine
  • In the book Clerval die while in the film he is alive at the end
  • Professor figure is more present in the movie and it helps to the creation of the monster
  • Victor is less tormented in the film than in the book
  • The death of Victor is different
Victor's character is played very well by Branagh, who is never banal and manages to control his inner conflict.

Since the plot of the film has remained very faithful to that of the book, I find myself having to judge the book and the film based on the emotions and feelings that both provoke me: between the two I slightly preferred the book because the theme of solitude emerges most, the one that the monster constantly proves, that of the continuous need for love and acceptance by the others, which makes us reflect.

"Look Up", Gary Turk

This video shows the modern world, pointing out how people are now obsessed with technology. It shows that we are slaves of the smartphone, we are always glued to this object on which there are our lives, the real one and specially the virtual one, so staying without it has become unthinkable today.

The video impressed me in a particular way and made me think because it figures out how all these electronic devices are apparently really important today but they actually make us less and less free.

A phrase in the video impressed me a lot: "All this technology we have is just an illusion of community, companionship and sense of inclusiveness, but when you move away from this device of delusion, you wake up to see a world of confusion, in which we are slaves of the technology we have created". It makes me realize that I am inside this dimension, too, where, without smartphones you can not live. Instead, maybe it is the opposite, without it you can live equally, perhaps better, without always having to think about posting and sharing what you are doing with the others; you could lose the good moments of life.

I ragazzi che amavano il vento: Shelley, Keats, Byron

This book is divided into two parts, the first is about the Italian life of the three poets, the second is a short collection of poems divided by author. I personally preferred the second part, because from the verse you can understand what the poet thinks, how he interprets things and by what is inspired. I really enjoyed the way of writing of the three, especially the one of John Keats. I found his writing more simple and sliding than the other two.

The Cloud, Shelley

I like this poem more than the others because I can perceive with more intensity the contact that the poet manages to establish with reality, moods change constantly and images, especially connected with nature, are clear.

Sonnet To Sleep, Keats

I really love this poem because it has a different musicality from the others, I think that it is because of the choice of starting it with a series of anaphora; this poetry is able to embody sleep in something real thanks to its description through sensory images.

Da Beppo: A Venetian Story, Byron

This one is the poem that I preferred by George Byron; I think it describes the lagoon wordly life through experiences lived by the poet in first person as weel as there are invented images. I really like the way in which he describes Venice, you can understand that the poet has really been there through the way he expresses himself, he often describes places in the city and some tips, for example on where to go or how to dress, which can be expressed only if one has really lived there.


Created with images by congerdesign - "book book gift by heart" • DariuszSankowski - "knowledge book library"

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