The US Constitution Six Principles of the Constitution


The Constitution is written based on six principals. It is a document written to show the rules and rights Americans have and freedom. It was also written to create a government. The Constitution was written in 1789.

Popular Sovereignty

Popular Sovereignty is power from the people. Its government power comes from the people. in the Preamble it says "We the people" this shows that the people are the source of governments power.

Limited Government

Limited government explains what the government can and cannot do. First, limited government follows rule of law which does not allow government above law. For example, in Article 1, Section 6, Clause 2 says that government officials can only have one position in the government. Another example, from Article 1, Section 9, Clause 7, it says limited government limits the distribution of currency.

Separation of Powers

Separation of Powers separates the government into three branches. The three branches are Executive, Judicial, and Legislative. "All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives." As a result, the constitution established a Supreme Court and authorized congress to establish other courts.


Federalism reserves some power to the states. Federalism divides power between the nation and the states. One example, in Article 1, Section 3, Clause 2 it says "Governor of state must choose a Senator" This shows power being given to the states. Next, in the 10th Amendment it says "powers not given to the federal government belong to the states." this shows power being divided.

Checks and Balances

Checks and Balances limits power of the government. First, Checks and Balances allow the president to veto laws. However, if 2/3 of congress disagree congress can override the veto. Article 1, Section 2, Clause 5 says, "The House has the power to impeach or accuse a federal official of wrongdoing." This limits the governments power. Article 2, Section 4 says, "The president, Vice president, and others can be forced out of office if impeached and found guilty of certain crimes." This shows that government officials must obey the law in office or they will be forced out of office.

Representative Government

Representative Government is an indirect democracy. Instead of direct democracy they chose indirect democracy. Indirect democracy is when voters elect representatives to govern. First example, is from Article 1, Section 4, Clause 1 "Congress decides Congressional elections must be held in every state." Elections elect representatives to govern. Next, Article 1, Section 2 it says that the House of Representatives are chosen by the states.


1. How many principals of the constitution are there?

2. Select the best definition for veto.

3. What was the main idea of Popular Sovereignty?

4. What do you see as the outcome if Checks and Balances were not in the Constitution?

5. What do you think about Federalism?

6. What would happen if the president disobeyed the law?


Created with images by jp26jp - "flag usa patriot" • Stefan Ogrisek - "We the People" • 271277 - "obama barack obama president" • dbking - "US Supreme Court" • BU Interactive News - "Obama Speaks in Boston" • DonkeyHotey - "Veto! - 3d Illustration" • hjl - "Vote!"

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