Vitamins & Minerals

Vitamins

Water soluble: Dissolves in water
Vitamin B: A group of water-soluble vitamins that are found especially in yeast, seed germs, eggs, liver and flesh, and vegetables and that have varied metabolic functions and include coenzymes and growth factors. A deficiency of vitamin b results in weight loss, loss of appetite, and constipation.
Vitamin C: A vitamin found particularly in citrus fruits and green vegetables. It is essential in maintaining healthy connective tissue, and is also thought to act as an antioxidant. Severe deficiency causes scurvy.
Fat soluble: Fat-soluble vitamins--namely vitamins A, D, E and K--dissolve in fat and are stored in fat throughout the body
Vitamin K: Any of a group of vitamins found mainly in green leaves and essential for the blood-clotting process. They include phylloquinone, menaquinone, and menadione. A deficiency of vitamin k results in your blood not clotting properly.
Vitamin A: A yellow compound found in green and yellow vegetables, egg yolk, and fish-liver oil. It is essential for growth and vision in dim light. A deficiency of Vitamin A results in night blindness.
Vitamin D: any of a group of vitamins found in liver and fish oils, essential for the absorption of calcium and the prevention of rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. They include calciferol, and cholecalciferol. A deficiency of Vitamin D results in bone pain and muscle weakness.
Vitamin E: Any of several closely related compounds, found in wheat germ oil, egg yolk, and leafy vegetables, that collectively constitute vitamin E. They are fat-soluble alcohols with antioxidant properties, important in the stabilization of cell membranes. A deficiency of Vitamin E results in muscle weakness and blindness.
Minerals
Calcium: the most plentiful mineral found in the human body. The teeth and bones contain the most calcium. Nerve cells, body tissues, blood, and other body fluids contain the rest of the calcium. Some sources all dairy products A deficiency of Calcium can lead to weak bones and teeth.
An essential mineral. Iron is necessary for the transport of oxygen (via hemoglobin in red blood cells) and for oxidation by cells (via cytochrome). Deficiency of iron is a common cause of anemia. Food sources of iron include meat, poultry, eggs, vegetables and cereals (especially those fortified with iron).
Sodium: The body needs a small amount of sodium to help maintain normal blood pressure and normal function of muscles and nerves. A deficiency of sodium results in Nausea and Muscle cramps. Sources of Sodium include: Celery, Beets, and milk.
Potassium: Essential for maintaining proper fluid balance, nerve impulse function, muscle function, cardiac (heart muscle) function. Some sources are Bananas and Bananas. A deficiency in Potassium is hypokalemia

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