What was the Rationale for Question 2? Who Supported and Opposed Question 2?
Question 2 came about because Rosalie Porter, an educator and former ELL student, grew suspicious of claims associated with bilingual education and came to believe bilingual education "segregated [students] by language and ethnicity” (5). As Director of Bilingual and ESL Programs for the public schools in Newton, MA, Ms. Porter directed the schools to begin English-only instruction. Based on the results of this initiative, Ms. Porter began work to change legislation in Massachusetts to mandate English-only instruction. She enlisted the help of Ron Unz, the person who helped similar English-only legislation become law in California. (5) They (along with a few other advocates) formed English for Children of Massachusetts (4) and toured the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, encouraging action on Question 2.
Question 2 was opposed by nearly every professional education organization including the education committees in the Massachusetts House and Senate. Opponents warned against not only against what they considered bad pedagogy, but also the chilling effect Question 2 would likely have considering teachers would be able to be sued by parents for the language they used in classrooms. (4)