We no longer live in an earthlodge, but in a house with chimneys…. But for me I cannot forget our old ways”. (Buffalo Bird Woman)
Central Fire, Ceremonial Lodge. On-a-Slant Mandan Village.
“I am an old woman now. The buffaloes and black tail deer are gone, and our Indian ways are almost gone. Sometimes I find it hard to believe that I ever lived them”. (Buffalo Bird Woman)
It is but an old women's dream. Again I see but shadows and hear only the roar of the river, and tears come from my eyes.” (Buffalo Bird Woman). Earth Lodge Depressions. Awatixa Village along the Knife River.
Note: Awatixa Village, also known as Sakakawea Village, was visited by Lewis and Clark in 1804. Historians believe this is the Mandan/HIdatsa village where the Corps of Discovery met Sakakawea, who was to become a valuable addition to the expedition as they moved westward. Awatixa is also believed to be one of the Mandan Villages depicted by artist George Catlin around 1830. This village was abandoned in 1834 after Sioux warriors burned the community. It is estimated that around 500 people lived in the nearly 50 lodges that were located here.