A rivalry that developed after World War II, between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies. Waged on political, economic and propaganda fronts, each country possessing a weapon that could wipe out millions of people in seconds.
The Iron Curtain ( 1946)was the political, military, and ideological barrier erected by the Soviet Union after World War II to seal itself off and its dependent allies off from contact with the West and other non-communists countries such as the United States.
Attempts to provide to provide listeners behind the Curtain with uncensored news were met with efforts by communist governments to jam RFE’s signal. The Iron Curtain largely ceased to exist in 1989–90 with the communists’ abandonment of one-party rule in eastern Europe.
July 25, 1946- America's Test Baker - underwater explosion
March 1947, reflected the combativeness of President Harry Truman. Truman wanted to “scare the hell” out of Congress. Arguing that Greece and Turkey could fall victim to subversion without support from friendly nations, Truman asked Congress to authorize $400-million in emergency assistance. To justify this course, he said: “I believe we must assist free peoples to work out their destinies in their own way.” The key to preventing the overthrow of free nations was to attack the conditions of “misery and want” that nurtured totalitarianism.
Marshall Plan-June 1947, Secretary George C. Marshall proposed the extension of massive economic assistance to the devastated nations of Europe. The U.S. plan would be open to the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe, it emphasized the free market economy as the best path to economic reconstruction and the best defense against communism in Western Europe. An investment of about $13 billion in Europe during the next few years resulted in the extraordinarily rapid and durable reconstruction of a democratic Western Europe.
February 25 , 1948- Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia
Berlin crisis of 1961, Cold War conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States concerning the status of the divided German city of Berlin. It culminated in the construction of the Berlin Wall in August 1961.
June 24,1950- Korean War begins. Stalin supports North Korea who invade South Korea equipped with Soviet weapons