Geography and cities
Greece was made up of three geographies, mountains, peninsulas, and islands. The cities settled on the peninsula's because of the water. The water gave them advantages for fishing, trade, and a little farming. This was important to the people because they relied on fishing and trading to make a living.
A citizen is a person who owns land and is a part of the country. In greece, a citizen could vote, have rights, and have a say in the government. A citizen was usually a native born man, but in some countrys woman had more rights than others. Male citizens in Athens could vote on all the decisions for the city. However, not all people could perticapate. Women and children were not allowed to vote. Slaves and foreigners were banned from having a say in the government. This makes greece different because in Egypt only the pharaoh and maybe his wife had power. Whatever the pharaoh said, people had to do. Even though only male citizens in greece could have a say in their government, it still gave people more power then in Egypit. In greece it was good to have a diffrent goverment than Egyipt because there were more ideas that would help greece grow stonger. Sometimes this extra freedom could cause arguments and conflicts which will hurt greece.
In Greece the five main arts were poetry, fables, drama, art, and architecture. People made poetry, fables, and drama to teach people life lessons and thier struggles. Homer was a poetry writter that wrote many fables. Homer’s stories taught courage and honor. They also taught that it was important to be loyal to your friends and to value the relationship between husband and wife. The stories were about heroes striving to be the best they could be. Homer’s heroes became a huge role models for Greek boys. A Greek slave named Aesop also wrote short fables that teaches a lesson. In most of Aesop’s fables, animals talk and act like people. Most of the time they showed human flaws and strengths. All the fables ended with a message, or moral. One of the best-known fables is “The Tortoise and the Hare" that is still around today. Drama's used tragedies and comedies to discribe a persons troubles. In a tragedy a person struggles to overcome something difficulte, but fails. The story always has an unhappy ending. Early Greek tragedies are usally about people's struggle against their fate. Later Greek tragedies showed how a person’s character has flaws that caused them to fail. Comedies were about what is the nature of good and evil, what rights should people have, and what role do gods play in our lives. They always had a happy ending. Greek artists wanted people to see moderation, balance, and harmony in their work. They hoped their art would inspire people. These art ideas spread to the non Greek people because of Alexander the greate. Alexander started the begning of the Hellenistic era. The Hellenistic era was when Alexander started a conquest to spread the greek ideas to the non greek people.
Direct democracy, Representative democracy, Tyranny, and Oligarchy are some of the goverments used in ancient Grecce. A direct democracy is when the people of a city decide the laws, not an elected official. Athens used a direct democracy to decied thier laws. A representative democracy is when the people choose a offcial to make laws for them. The United States uses a representative goverment. A tyranny is powerful person that oppresses people with force. Bashar Al Assad is a tyrant in Syria. A Oligarchy is a goverment run by a small group of people. Sparta is an example of an Oligrchy. I think the best form of goverment is representative democracy because they got to decide the best person to choose their laws. Everyone got to have there voice heard, but not causing conflicts that could happend in a direct democracy.
The Greeks belived in gods and goddesses affected people’s lives and shaped events. The 12 most important gods and goddesses lived on Mount Olympus. Some of the 12 were Zeus, who was the chief god; Athena, the goddess of wisdom and crafts; Apollo, the god of the sun and poetry; Ares, the god of war; Aphrodite, the goddess of love; and Poseidon, the god of the seas and earthquakes.But Greek gods and goddesses were not thought to be all-powerful. According to Greek myths, even though gods had special powers, they looked like human beings and acted like them. They married, had children, quarreled, played tricks on each other, and fought wars. Because Greeks sought their gods’ favor, they followed many rituals. Aritual is a set of actions carried out in a fixed way. As part of their rituals, the Greeks prayed to their gods and also gave them gifts. In return, they hoped that the gods would grant good fortune to them. Many Greek festivals hon-ored the gods and goddesses. Festivals dedi-cated to Zeus were held at Olympia. The Greeks also believed in an afterlife. "When people died, the Greeks believed their spirits went to a gloomy world beneath the earth ruled by a god named Hades." People built religious temples to worship the gods. Greeks also did rituals. "As part of their rituals, the Greeks prayed to their gods and also gave them gifts." "In return, they hoped that the gods would grant good fortune to them." "Many Greek festivals hon-ored the gods and goddesses." "Festivals dedi-cated to Zeus were held at Olympia."
The Greek alphabet is made up of letter. The Greeks were the fist to use vowels.The Greek alphabet had 24 letters that stood for different sounds. It made reading and writing Greek much simpler than ever before. Soon people were writing down tales that had been passed down by storytellers for generations.
Greek name: Eta Iota, Hi