Ivory Coast Wren West

Ivory Coast is also known as Côte d'Ivoire.

Geography of Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast is slightly bigger than New Mexico
The climate of Ivory Coast is tropical along the coast, and semiarid in the far North. There are three seasons: warm and dry, hot and dry, hot and wet.
Natural resources include petroleum, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower
Mount Richard Molard is the highest point in Ivory Coast. Other features include the Cavalla River, and Mount Nimba. It is bordered by the countries Liberia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, and Burkina Faso, and the North Atlantic Ocean.

People and Society

The population of Ivory Coast is 23,740,424. The official language is French, although the most common language spoken is Dioula. There are 60 native dialects. The people that live in Ivory Coast are called Ivorian. The life expectancy is 58.7 years old.
The ethnic groups of Ivory Coast are 32.1% Akan, 15% Voltaique or Gur, 12.4% Northern Mande, 12.4% Krou, 9% Southern Mande, 21.2% "other," and 0.5% unspecified. The main religion is Islam, with 40.2% of the population being Muslim. The second largest religions are Catholicism at 19.4%, and Evangelicalism at 19.3%.
Many women wear traditional brightly colored dresses with headscarves. Men wear shorts, or wrap pieces of cloth around their bodies. They wear long, beautiful robes for ceremonial occasions.

Government

Ivory Coast is a presidential republic. Since 1983, the capital has been Yamoussoukro. The current president is Alassane Dramane.

Tourism

The currency of Ivory Coast is the West African CFA Franc. 1 West African CFA Franc is 0.0016 of a U.S. dollar.
West African CFA Franc

Major City: Abidjan

  • Was the political capital until 1983
  • Remains the administrative center of Ivory Coast, and is officially named the economic capital
  • Many countries including the U.S. have embassy in Abidjan
  • Landmarks include: the National Library ofCôte d'Ivoire, and St. Paul's Cathedral.
St. Paul's Cathedral

Major City: Bouaké

  • Bouaké is the second largest city in Ivory Coast.
  • It is well known for it's carnival, held at St. Micheal's Cathedral.
  • This carnival is known as a celebration of life and friendship.
  • It takes place from around the ending of March to the first week of April.

History

Ivory Coast was colonized by France in 1893. A vote in 1958 resulted in Ivory Coast becoming an autonomous republic. In 1960, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, a parliament member proclaimed independence.

Historical Events

  1. 1842 - France imposed a protectorate over Ivory Coast, meaning Ivory Coast was controlled and protected by France
  2. 1893 - France colonized Ivory Coast
  3. August. 7, 1960 - Ivory Coast gained independence from France.
  4. 1993 - Houphouet-Boigny passed away and his ally Henri Konan Bédié succeeds him.
  5. 2010 - Long-delayed presidential elections. Election commission declared Alassane Ouattara the winner of the run-off. 3,000 people were injured as a result of post election violence.

Important Figure

Félix Houphouët-Boigny was the first president of Ivory Coast. He served in the French government, and was a member of the National Assembly and a cabinet minister, until Ivory coast became independent in 1960, and he was elected president. He ruled for 33 years, until his death in 1993.

Wildlife

  • The wildlife in Ivory Coast is very diverse. There are many mangrove swamps and rainforests.
  • A few of the common species are panthers, elephants, hippos, and monkeys.
  • There are also many chameleons and different types of spiders and scorpions.
  • There were at least 230 species of mammals, 252 species of birds, and over 3,600 species of plants throughout the country.

Education

  • The education system in Ivory Coast is divided into three stages: 6 years of primary school, 7 years of secondary school, and University, which is only available in Abidjan.
  • In 2000, it was estimated that only 48.7% of the total population was literate
  • The percentage of males that were literate was almost double the percentage of females. (60.8% of males and 38.6% of females)
  • Many children between 6 and 10 years are not enrolled in school, mainly children of poor families.
  • Most students in secondary education are male.

Food

  • Most meals are made up of grains such as corn, millet, and maize.
  • Other common foods include peas, beans, or peanuts, and smaller servings of vegetables, oils, spices, and protein, usually meat or fish.
  • Family meals are usually cooked outdoors in pots on a stone hearth.
  • Ivorian food is very spicy, and eaten with the hands.
  • Food is an important aspect to their culture, and is included in any festivities/ceremonies.

Citations

"History & Politics." Our Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.

"The World Factbook: COTE D'IVOIRE." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, 12 Jan. 2017. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.

"CÔte D'Ivoire." Culture of Côte D'Ivoire - History, People, Traditions, Women, Beliefs, Food, Customs, Family, Social. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.

"Timeline: Ivory Coast." Timeline: Ivory Coast - Al Jazeera English. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "Cote d'Ivoire Grunge Flag"

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