Apples by Carolina Turner

Apples

Apples (Malus Domestica) are the fruit of the deciduous tree . This is a guide on how to plant apples.

some types of apples:

Granny smiths, Honeycrisp, Fuji, Golden delicious, Red delicious, McIntosh, Gala, Red Rome, etc.

Step one: Getting the Seeds

Apples should be planted in either early spring or fall. The first step to planting apple seeds is getting the seeds from an apple. Carefully cut down the middle of the apple and remove the seeds. Make sure that you get a lot of seeds. You may need to use a few apples because only about 30% of the seeds will germinate.

Step Two: Germinating

Then, you should get a paper towel and wrap it around the seeds. Wet the paper towel and put it in a plastic bag, making sure that the bag is sealed tight, and wait for your seeds to germinate. It will take your seeds about a month to germinate, but check on them every week and wet the paper towel if it becomes dry.

Step Three: Planting Seeds

Once the seeds have germinated, place them in a pot that is about one to two feet deep, cover them in soil and compost, and then just watch them grow.

Apple seedling in pot

Step Four: Grafting

Wait until your trees are thirty to sixty centimeters high before grafting. First, you get a piece of Scion wood from the type of apple that you want. Then cut down at an angle on the piece of wood and make an identical cut on the apple tree. Then cut downwards on the sliced wood (Do this on both the tree and scion wood.) Then push the two pieces of wood together and wrap them with cling film and masking tape.

Grafted apple tree

Step Five: Harvesting

Watch your tree regularly for results, as some may be unsuccessful. If your graft is not growing leaves then it is probably not successful. After about 1-3 months, remove the grafting tape. Then watch the tree grow.

When your apples are the right size, color, and firmness, (depending on the type of apple, example: Granny smiths are light green when they are ready to be picked) they are ready to be picked. The time that an apple ripens and should be picked depends on its type and when it was planted, for example, McIntosh apples ripen in late September.

Recipe: Apple pie

APPLE PIE!

Apple Pie Recipe

(Recipe courtesy of Food Network)

Ingredients

2 cups all-purpose flour

1 teaspoon salt

3/4 cup shortening (recommended: Crisco)

Ice water

Filling, recipe follows

Serving suggestion: warm with vanilla ice-cream

Filling:

1/2 cup to 1 cup all-purpose flour

6 to 7 cups apples cut into thin slices (recommended: Green Golden and Jonathans)

1 cup white sugar

1 cup brown sugar

1 teaspoon cinnamon

2 tablespoons butter

Directions

Preheat oven to 375 degrees F.

In a medium-mixing bowl cut the shortening and salt into the flour by hand or with a pastry blender hands until it's the texture of cornmeal. Sprinkle 1 tablespoon of ice water over the mixture and mix just until the dough is moistened. Repeat by adding 6 to 8 tablespoons water (one at a time) until all the dough is just moist. Take care not to over mix.

Divide the dough in half and roll into a ball. Roll 1 ball into a circle to fit a 9 to 10-inch pie plate. To transfer the pastry to the pie plate, wrap it around a rolling pin and ease it into the pie plate. Be careful not to stretch the pastry. Trim it even with the edges of the pie plate. Add the apple filling into the pastry lined pie plate. Make sure they are laying flat. Cut butter into small pieces and put on top of the filling.

Roll the remaining pastry into a 12-inch circle. Place on top of the filling. Trim off 1-inch beyond the edge of the pie plate. Crimp the edges as desired. Cut slits to allow steam to escape when baking. Sprinkle a little sugar and cinnamon over the pie.

Cover the edges with foil to prevent over browning. Bake for 25 minutes. Remove the foil and bake for another 20 to 25 minutes, or until it is golden brown. Serve warm with vanilla ice cream.

Filling:

In a medium bowl combine the apples, with the brown and white sugar. Add flour, cinnamon and continue mixing until they are well coated.

What can I compost?

THings you can compost out of the pie:

1. Apples and apple cores 2. Old spices. 3. Melted ice cream. 4. Pie crust

Sources: http://www.instructables.com/id/Growing-Apple-trees-from-seed/?ALLSTEPS http://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/traditional-apple-pie-recipe0.htm

Credits:

Created with images by Tweetspeak Poetry - "Green Apple for Teacher" • davecito - "sugar apple: annona squamosa" • Starr Environmental - "starr-140117-4010-Malus_pumila-Anna_grafted_with_Dorsett_Golden-Hawea_Pl_Olinda-Maui" • jspatchwork - "country apple pie"

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