Agriculture By: Boston eddy

Agriculture is HUGE in the Midwest. Below are some different things to learn more about farming and how it has changed over the centuries.

The 1st Agricultural Revolution was a change in basic hunting and gathering to the production of plants and animals. This started around 10,000 BC. Humans increased crop production and advanced in farming machinery during this time. This changed the way of living to permanent settlements and societies advancing.

THE FIRST CROP GROWN BY HUMANS WAS WHEAT.

The 2nd Agricultural Revolution was an advancement in technology used while farming. This happened around the 18th Century. Innovations and improvements were made to machinery and more people were familiar with how to use the advancements.

MACHINES ARE NOW USED IN FARMING.

The 3rd Agricultural Revolution was an increase in chemical fertilizers being used as well as producing more goods at a faster rate. This started late into the 19th Century. Farming changed by using more advanced technology. Genetically Modified Organisms and Genetically Engineered Crops are commonly used due to the 3rd Agricultural Revolution.

CHEMICALS AND ADVANCED MACHINES=FARMING TODAY.
  • Genetically Modified Organisms are changed in a laboratory to a desirable trait. GMO's change farming to be more efficient and reduce the use of pesticides.

Pros

  1. Tolerance to cold, heat and drought.
  2. Resistance to insects.

Cons

  1. Antibiotic resistance.
  2. Cancerous symptoms.
  • Subsistence Farming is a type of farming where farmers grow just enough food for themselves and their families. Sustainable Farming is a type of farming used to keep farming resources available for generations to come. Commercial Farming is farming as much as you can for profit. The main difference is that Subsistence Farming tries to not use as many resources to sustain some for the future and Commercial Farming uses as much as they want, not worrying about the future.

Agriculture has many fun facts about it, so here are just a few of them.

  • The average dairy cow produces 7 gallons of milk per day.
  • The heaviest turkey ever raised was 86 pounds.
  • Cows only have bottom teeth.
  • The longest flight of a chicken is recorded at 13 seconds.

Sources: http://school.eb.com.proxy.elm4you.org/levels/high/article/471708 http://school.eb.com.proxy.elm4you.org/levels/high/article/443507

Credits:

Created with images by Jonathan Stonehouse - "Hay Bales, Wolverhampton" • jayneandd - "Wheat" • shaunstothard - "tractor old rusty" • aqua.mech - "Tractor Fertilize Field Pesticide And Insecticide"

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