La Historia de España Jude SChnatterer 8 estrellas

Spain had many ups and downs in their history. They were often Invadido. They had many resources and was a great place to visit. We will be looking into how Spain became to be.
Spain was a great place to comercio things like silver, iron, copper, and timber. A place to obtener things. Spain was a great place to be and many wonderful things. This interesado many other countries.
The Celtas were the first to invade spain. Celtiberos were the first to habitar Spain. Celtas and Iberos conjunto to the Celtíberos. Galicia has influences of Celtic culture. Now the Romans are viniendo.
Arabs, Berbers, Syrians from North Africa invaded the peninsula in 711 A.D. Easily derrota Visigoth Kingdoms conquistador nearly all of the peninsula. Almost continual lucha between Christian kingdoms in north of peninsula and Muslims, who revisado the south. Jesus proviene into view from Rome.
In 1942 the Moors had dividido into small kingdoms. Isabel of Castilla was a bloodthirsty savage. They were Uniendo Christian kingdoms en contra the Moors. They Solidificado their power through religion. They Terminado Reconquista by defeating Moors in Granada in 1492.
In 1492 the last Moorish Rey was defeated; all Musulmanes remaining in Spain were forced to leave or convert to cristianismo. In 1502 given the success against the Muslims, it is now decidido that all Judíos need to salir Spain or convertir to Christianity. But how do we know they've converted? We Interrogado and tortured them until they confess--or put them on trail and later execute (or burn) them!!
Carlos V used the funds that were pouring in from the Colonias to subsidize the many religious wars he was fighting across Europa. Spain under Carlos V became one of the strongest defenders of Catholicism, as it fought to stop the spread of Protestant Reformation across Europe. He passed on this legado to his successor, his son Felipe.
Felipe II continued guerra against protesta. In 1554, married Mary Tudor of England in an attempt to create an international Catholic Alianza. A male heir from this marriage would have become King of England, however, there was no son and the protestant Elizabeth I came to poder in England. Annexed Portuga, Dutch declare independencia from Spain:starts war involving England. In 1588 Spain's Invincible Armada defeated by England.
El Greco is a Pintor from Greece, his real name is Domenikos Theotokopoulos. He Traveled to Spain in search of work in the decoration of El Escorial. Felipe II hated his style and refused to hire him. El greco moves to Toledo and hits it big time.
Felipe II is succeeded by his son, the aptly name Felipe III (1598-1621) Felipe III dies and his son takes the trono. Felipe IV reigns from 1621-1665. Felipe IV reigns over one of the richest cultural periods in Spanish historia: the Siglo de Oro. Siglo de Oro was into Literature, Drama, and Arte. La vida es sueño by Pedro Calderon de la Barca. Character of Don Juan introduced-image of “Latin Lover” created.
War of Spanish Sucesión pitted royal families and their Naciones against each other to see who would rule Spain. War ends in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English. Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, becomes Rey of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today.
Rebellion of 2 May 1808 in Madrid begins War of Spanish Independence. Joseph Bonaparte removed from throne of Spain in 1812. During the upheaval, most of the colonies in America gain Independencia. Constitución of 1812 establishes a parliamentary monarchy.

Son of Carlos IV, returns from exile in France to rule after defeat of Napoleon’s troops. Totalitarian rule, constantly at odds with liberals who wanted to expand on Constitution of 1812. Died in 1833, leaving only a daughter, Isabel the 2nd. Fernando VII dies without a male heir, leaving only his daughter, Isabel. Supporters of Fernando's brother, Carlos face off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several “Guerras Carlistas”. Isabel II reigns from 1833-1868. Isabel II rules through political turmoil, with the Carlists continually opposing her authority. The Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel II from power in 1868. An short-lived experiment places king Amadeo de Saboya, an Italian, on the throne from 1870-1873.

The Bourbons return to the throne with the reign of Alfonso XII from 1875 -1885, followed by his son Alfonso XII from 1902-1931. Alfonso XIII was born in 1885 (shortly after his father's death). His mother oversaw the government as his regent in the interim. In Typical Bourbon fashion, Spain quickly begins a downslide, marked by the loss of it last remaining colonies in 1989 and embarrassing military defeats in Morocco.
Unable to put stop to the political tension and low morale of the country, Alfonso XII allows a military general to establish a dictatorship from 1923-1931. The dictatorship is unable to solve the problems of the country. In 1931, elections are held to determine if Spain should continue a monarchy or give democracy another try.
The Second Republic of Spain is established in 1931, ushering in an era of hope and optimism. They set up a new, progressive constitution, which gives women the right to vote, allows divorce, separates the Church from the State, and creates public schools.
General Francisco Franco stages a military revolt in 1936, beginning the Civil War. Franco’s fascist troops are aided by forces from Germany and Italy. Republican forces get very little help. War ends in 1939, with Franco’s Nationalist forces winning.

Instead of continuing Franco’s policies or establishing an absolute monarchy, Juan Carlos declares democracy in Spain. He names Adolfo Suarez as first Prime Minister. Suarez begins the period known as the Transition. In 1978, Suarez is elected in the first elections held in Spain since 1936. Jose Maria Aznar increases Spain’s influence in the world, with a growing economy and a strong alliance with the USA.

As a parliamentary monarchy, Spain retains its royal family, although all government decisions are handled by Parliament and the President of the Government.


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