Son of Carlos IV, returns from exile in France to rule after defeat of Napoleon’s troops. Totalitarian rule, constantly at odds with liberals who wanted to expand on Constitution of 1812. Died in 1833, leaving only a daughter, Isabel the 2nd. Fernando VII dies without a male heir, leaving only his daughter, Isabel. Supporters of Fernando's brother, Carlos face off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several “Guerras Carlistas”. Isabel II reigns from 1833-1868. Isabel II rules through political turmoil, with the Carlists continually opposing her authority. The Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel II from power in 1868. An short-lived experiment places king Amadeo de Saboya, an Italian, on the throne from 1870-1873.