- Anthropology and forensic anthropology are two different studies.
- Forensic Anthropology is a smaller area of studies in the field of physical anthropology.
- It involves close examination of skeletal remains, along with techniques in archaeology to help solve crimes.
- Forensic anthropologists help figure out if a person was murdered, what sex the victim was, and what happened after death alongside medical examiners and coroners.
- There are different methods of forensic analysis.
- It is a very important part of police investigations.
- With Forensic analysis, a piece of hair can determine if a person has diseases and those diseases may be.
- Blood and tissue can help determine whether a person was drugged or poisoned.
- The person who determines this is a toxicologist.
- Forensic pathologists determine how a person died by preforming an autopsy.
- Forensic anthropology is mainly used with skeletal remains.
- Forensic anthropologists are the ones who recover evidence from a crime scene
- When there are suspected remains in an area, a team of forensic anthropologists is called to the scene.
- By studying the bones, they acquire information to determine who died, how, and when.
- Through marks of the body, forensic anthropologists can also determine the personal history of the skeleton.
- They can determine things like if a person was malnourished, had a history of violence, or was an athlete.
- Forensic anthropologists are trained in many different fields of science.
- Some of those are anthropology, osteology, and archaeology.
- Having been trained in archaeology, they can excavate buried remains and thoroughly record evidence.
- With all of forensic anthropologist's extensive training reading a skeleton is as easy as reading a book for them.
- By examining a wound that may have caused death, forensic anthropologists can determine (or at least narrow down the options) what kind of weapon/ tool/ other random object caused the fatal injury.
Tools of the Job
- Calipers- Forensic anthropologists use calipers when they need exact measurements.
- 3-D Digitizer- This tool is used alongside computers. It records 3-D measurements.
- Osteometric Board- The osteometric board is used by forensic anthropologists to measure the lengths of long bones to help determine age.
- Sterozoom Microscope- The This version of a microscope magnifies small objects/nicks in bones that are too small for the human eye to study alone.
- Scanning Electron Microscope- Similar to the Sterozoom Microscope, this tool has higher magnifications for objects on the smaller side of things.
- X- Rays- You all are well aware what X-Rays are, but you should know that they are very helpful when looking for breaks, fractures, and other things.
Tools of the Job Part Two
- Ground Penetrating Radar- Ground Penetrating Radar (or GPR) is used for locating mass graves.
- Proton Magnetometer- This device pinpoints small changes in earth's magnetic field.
- Anthropometers- An anthropometer measures human stature with the found bones.
- Boley Guages- This tool measures the teeth.
- Gas Chromatography- This is a process that separates the chemicals in the body.
- Forensic Radiology- This process uses X-Rays and MRI's for severely destroyed parts of the body.
- A man named Thomas Dwight is known as the Father of Forensics in the U.S.
- He was the first to look into human skeletal identification.
- The origin of Forensic Anthropology can be traced back to a case known as the Parkman Murder of 1849.
- The Parkman Murder was looked into by two anatomy professors at Harvard University.
- While investigating, the two professors used osteology along with anthropology.
- After this period when anthropology was being used, there was a span of time with the subject that it was dormant for the next years.
- There are lots of schools to attend if you want to become a forensic anthropologist.
- Boston University and California State University are very good schools for this.
- Some others are Mercyhurst University, Michigan State University, Western California University, and the University of Florida.
- To be an anthropologist, most jobs require you to have a master's or doctoral degree.
- The average salary is $61,220.
- There is a lot of competition to get a job in anthropology considering there are not that many.
- It is good to train in all four aspects of anthropology, as they will come up throughout the job.
- Clifford Geertz (1926-2006) was an American anthropologist who specialized in symbolic anthropology.
- Paul Farmer (1959- ) is also an American anthropologist, along with being a human rights activist and a physician.
- Bronslaw Malinowsk (1884-1942) was a very important anthropologist in the 20th century.
- Claude Levi-Strauss (1908-2009) was one of the most famous anthropologists of his time.
- Ruth Benedict (1887-1948) was one of the first women of anthropology to be recognized internationally,
- Franz Boas (1858-1942) was a specialist in modern culture anthropology.
Study.com. Study.com. Web. 01 May 2017.
"10 Famous Cultural Anthropologists." Harris-Jones Anthropology. 25 Jan. 2017. Web. 02 May 2017.
"Forensic Anthropology." Q?rius. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.
Heather Walsh-HaneyJun. 7, 2002 , 8:00 AM, 2017 Devin PowellJan. 10, 2016 Elisabeth PainMar. 21, 2016 Maggie KuoSep. 19, and 2017 Maggie KuoMar. 1. "Skeleton Keys: How Forensic Anthropologists Identify Victims and Solve Crimes." Science | AAAS. 12 Jan. 2016. Web. 01 May 2017.
"Historical Background of Forensic Anthropology." Cheshire Anthropology. 17 Jan. 2013. Web. 02 May 2017.
"Techniques and Tools of the Trade." Written in Bone - Techniques and Tools of the Trade. Web. 01 May 2017.
"The Tools of Forensic Anthropology." PBS. Public Broadcasting Service, 17 Jan. 2012. Web. 01 May 2017.