Forensic Anthropology gracia roper

  • Anthropology and forensic anthropology are two different studies.
  • Forensic Anthropology is a smaller area of studies in the field of physical anthropology.
  • It involves close examination of skeletal remains, along with techniques in archaeology to help solve crimes.
  • Forensic anthropologists help figure out if a person was murdered, what sex the victim was, and what happened after death alongside medical examiners and coroners.
  • There are different methods of forensic analysis.
  • It is a very important part of police investigations.
  • With Forensic analysis, a piece of hair can determine if a person has diseases and those diseases may be.
  • Blood and tissue can help determine whether a person was drugged or poisoned.
  • The person who determines this is a toxicologist.
  • Forensic pathologists determine how a person died by preforming an autopsy.
  • Forensic anthropology is mainly used with skeletal remains.
  • Forensic anthropologists are the ones who recover evidence from a crime scene
  • When there are suspected remains in an area, a team of forensic anthropologists is called to the scene.
  • By studying the bones, they acquire information to determine who died, how, and when.
  • Through marks of the body, forensic anthropologists can also determine the personal history of the skeleton.
  • They can determine things like if a person was malnourished, had a history of violence, or was an athlete.
  • Forensic anthropologists are trained in many different fields of science.
  • Some of those are anthropology, osteology, and archaeology.
  • Having been trained in archaeology, they can excavate buried remains and thoroughly record evidence.
  • With all of forensic anthropologist's extensive training reading a skeleton is as easy as reading a book for them.
  • By examining a wound that may have caused death, forensic anthropologists can determine (or at least narrow down the options) what kind of weapon/ tool/ other random object caused the fatal injury.

Tools of the Job

  • Calipers- Forensic anthropologists use calipers when they need exact measurements.
  • 3-D Digitizer- This tool is used alongside computers. It records 3-D measurements.
  • Osteometric Board- The osteometric board is used by forensic anthropologists to measure the lengths of long bones to help determine age.
  • Sterozoom Microscope- The This version of a microscope magnifies small objects/nicks in bones that are too small for the human eye to study alone.
  • Scanning Electron Microscope- Similar to the Sterozoom Microscope, this tool has higher magnifications for objects on the smaller side of things.
  • X- Rays- You all are well aware what X-Rays are, but you should know that they are very helpful when looking for breaks, fractures, and other things.

Tools of the Job Part Two

  • Ground Penetrating Radar- Ground Penetrating Radar (or GPR) is used for locating mass graves.
  • Proton Magnetometer- This device pinpoints small changes in earth's magnetic field.
  • Anthropometers- An anthropometer measures human stature with the found bones.
  • Boley Guages- This tool measures the teeth.
  • Gas Chromatography- This is a process that separates the chemicals in the body.
  • Forensic Radiology- This process uses X-Rays and MRI's for severely destroyed parts of the body.
  • A man named Thomas Dwight is known as the Father of Forensics in the U.S.
  • He was the first to look into human skeletal identification.
  • The origin of Forensic Anthropology can be traced back to a case known as the Parkman Murder of 1849.
  • The Parkman Murder was looked into by two anatomy professors at Harvard University.
  • While investigating, the two professors used osteology along with anthropology.
  • After this period when anthropology was being used, there was a span of time with the subject that it was dormant for the next years.
  • There are lots of schools to attend if you want to become a forensic anthropologist.
  • Boston University and California State University are very good schools for this.
  • Some others are Mercyhurst University, Michigan State University, Western California University, and the University of Florida.
  • To be an anthropologist, most jobs require you to have a master's or doctoral degree.
  • The average salary is $61,220.
  • There is a lot of competition to get a job in anthropology considering there are not that many.
  • It is good to train in all four aspects of anthropology, as they will come up throughout the job.
  • Clifford Geertz (1926-2006) was an American anthropologist who specialized in symbolic anthropology.
  • Paul Farmer (1959- ) is also an American anthropologist, along with being a human rights activist and a physician.
  • Bronslaw Malinowsk (1884-1942) was a very important anthropologist in the 20th century.
  • Claude Levi-Strauss (1908-2009) was one of the most famous anthropologists of his time.
  • Ruth Benedict (1887-1948) was one of the first women of anthropology to be recognized internationally,
  • Franz Boas (1858-1942) was a specialist in modern culture anthropology.

Works Cited

Study.com. Study.com. Web. 01 May 2017.

"10 Famous Cultural Anthropologists." Harris-Jones Anthropology. 25 Jan. 2017. Web. 02 May 2017.

"Forensic Anthropology." Q?rius. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.

Heather Walsh-HaneyJun. 7, 2002 , 8:00 AM, 2017 Devin PowellJan. 10, 2016 Elisabeth PainMar. 21, 2016 Maggie KuoSep. 19, and 2017 Maggie KuoMar. 1. "Skeleton Keys: How Forensic Anthropologists Identify Victims and Solve Crimes." Science | AAAS. 12 Jan. 2016. Web. 01 May 2017.

"Historical Background of Forensic Anthropology." Cheshire Anthropology. 17 Jan. 2013. Web. 02 May 2017.

"Techniques and Tools of the Trade." Written in Bone - Techniques and Tools of the Trade. Web. 01 May 2017.

"The Tools of Forensic Anthropology." PBS. Public Broadcasting Service, 17 Jan. 2012. Web. 01 May 2017.

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