Rome was surrounded by many physical features, including seas. The Tyrrhenian Sea, the Adriatic Sea, the Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea provided the people of Rome with protection by keeping invaders out, and it also provided them with food such as fish and other seafood. These seas also helped them be able to trade with other countries.
Another source of protection was the mountain ranges to the East of Rome and the North. The Alps mountain range is about 1,200 kilometers long (750 miles), and 15,781 feet (or 4.81 kilometers) tall, stretching across eight Alpine countries: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland, making it serve as a natural boundary. The Apennines mountains also stretch across the center of Italy, to the East of Rome. The Apennines mountains form Italy's backbone, and stretch from North to South, and is 1,350 kilometers (840 miles) long, and 9,554 feet (2.91 kilometers) high. The Alps had long and thin glacial lakes. These lakes provided the people of Italy with water. Both mountain ranges are longer than Italy itself.
There are many rivers that impacted Italy. Some of the major ones are Po, Adige, Arno, and Tiber. The one the impacted Rome the most was probably the Tiber river because it was so close. This river provided the people that used it fresh water, a place to wash their clothes, a place to get fish and other wildlife, and more. These rivers also provided people with trade opportunities. The Tiber river spans 252 miles from the Apennines to the Tyrrhenian Sea. The Po river is Italy's longest river. It stretches 405 miles across Northern Italy. The Adige river is the second longest river, at 255 miles, which is 3 miles longer than the Tiber river. it's very deep, but it's an important source of hydroelectric power and irrigation. Lastly, the Arno river is the River that cuts through Florence. It's the shortest river, at 150 miles in total.
The last physical feature that I have found was the hot, dry coastlands is the south. This is where fertile plains are, and olives, almonds, and figs are grown. This place is important because this is where many different foods can be grown and that food can be taken to the people of Rome so they have healthy things to eat and will live longer.
These four geographical features impacted the government's decisions because they didn't need to worry as much about protection because they were already surrounded by mountain ranges and seas. It also helped them with water supply because they have many rivers available, it also helped them with trade, because they have more than two ways to access other countries or other parts of their country. At the beginning, they had a monarchy which is where one family makes all of the decisions, but then they changed to a classical republic which is a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law. Then, they changed to a autocratic empire, which is where one ruler has absolute power and makes all of the decisions.
Thanks for reading my PicCollage!! I hope you enjoyed it and learned a little more about the geography of Rome and Italy!