Insect Orders Caleb Nunes

Lepidoptera

Their common name is moths and butterflies

"Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) is the second largest order in the class Insecta. Nearly all lepidopteran larvae are called caterpillars. They have a well-developed head with chewing mouth"

"2 pairs of membranous wings that are covered in tiny scales which overlap like shingles on a roof. A few moths are wingless" (ento.csiro.au).

Hemiptera

Their common names are true bugs, stink bugs, squash bugs, and milkweed bugs.

"This group of insects is very large, with around 75,000 species worldwide."

2 pairs of wings, although some species may be wingless and others have only forewings.

Coleoptera

Their common name is beetles.

"The name Coleoptera, derived from the Greek words "koleos" meaning sheath and "ptera" meaning wings, refers to the modified front wings which serve as protective covers for the membranous hind wings."

"They live throughout the world (except Antarctica), but are most speciose in the tropics."

Hymenoptera

Their common names are sawflies, wasps, bees, and ants.

"Hymenopterans, the "membrane-winged" insects, include bees, ants, and a large number of other insect taxa collectively referred to as wasps."

"Symphyta (sawflies and horntails) have a broad junction between thorax and abdomen"

Odonata

Their common name is damselflies and dragonflies.

"The order Odonata ("toothed ones") includes some of the most ancient and beautiful insects that ever roamed Earth, as well as some of the largest flying invertebrates ever to have lived."

"Most dragonflies and damselflies are regarded as beneficial insects because they feed on small flying insects such as mosquitoes."

Orthoptera

Their common names are grasshopper and crickets.

"They are mainly medium to large insects with some species in Australia growing to a length of 10 centimetres."

"Metamorphosis gradual (paurometabolous); nymphs resemble adults, typically develop external wing buds, and live in the same habitat as adults, typically taking the same food."

Diptera

Their common name is fly.

"This is one of the largest insect orders in the world and includes many familiar insects such as mosquitoes, midges, sand flies, house flies and blowflies"

They are, "Abundant worldwide. Larvae are found in all fresh water, semi-aquatic, and moist terrestrial environments."

Phasmidea

Their common name is stick bug.

"Phasmida are terrestrial, nocturnal, phytophagous insects found in nearly all temperate and tropical ecosystems (Günther, 1953). Scientists have described over 3,000 species (Bragg, 1995), yet this figure is uncertain since some taxon names are synonyms, and many new species have not been formally described."

"Phasmids generally mimic their surroundings in color, normally green or brown, although some species are brilliantly colored and others conspicuously striped. Many stick insects have wing"

Blattadea

Their common names are termite and cockroach.

"Cockroaches in Australia are widespread and adapted to both wet and dry environments. Most species are nocturnal and ground dwelling and are usually found hiding during the day in crevices, under bark, rocks or logs and in burrows."

"Most species of cockroach are omnivorous (that is, they'll eat almost anything from plants, dead animals and even glue) and are predominantly found in tropical and sub-tropical regions."

Credits:

Created with images by skeeze - "madagascan sunset moth macro madagascar" • Myagi - "butterfly lepidoptera insect" • francok35 - "insects hemiptera cercopis" • makamuki0 - "beetle lucanus cervus stag-beetle" • francok35 - "nature hymenoptera polistes" • DuSantos - "Odonata" • Hans - "grasshopper green close" • Mick E. Talbot - "Diptera" • MyFavoritePetSitter - "DSC05997" • Hans - "giant hissing cockroach hissing cockroach scrape"

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