Boom To Bust Ryan Pinto

The Great Depression was a time of sadness, poverty, and desperation. The Great Depression started at the end of the 1920’s when the stock market crash happened. Many people invested in the stock and thought they would make a huge profit from it, but it did not turn out that way. The people that invested in the stock went into debt because the stock prices fell millions of dollars and then stock owners were thousands of dollars deep in debt. The people in debt went to banks and tried to get money, but the banks did not have any so they were forced to close. Tragedy of the Great depression impacted different people in different aspects such as home life, leisure time, economy, and role of government.

Economy of The Great Depression/1930's

The economy had the most change during The Great Depression. The farming industry in the 1920’s was not doing well, the farmers did not need to support with crops as much anymore and they started to overproduce. Also there was a growing rate of consumerism and lots of industrial growth. Many people were buying on credit and caused the industrial growth. People used credit to buy items that they usually could not. Another thing that happened in the 1920’s was the stock market was booming and people were investing money thinking they would make a profit from the stock. Then suddenly in October 1929 the crash happened. It had great impact on the economy and caused it to lose a lot of money. People went into debt and tried going to banks to get the money to give to the market. Banks were forced to close because they did not have enough money to support the people. This caused a rise in unemployment. Banks closed so bankers did not have jobs, and at the same time business owners could not support their workers so they had to lay them off. The rural economy in the 30’s also fell off because farmers could not produce because of the dust storm so the rural economy did not make as much money, and when there was not dust storms they were experiencing a long drought. African Americans were impacted horribly by this and lost a lot of their equality. They were last hired and first fired for jobs where they competed against whites. Blacks in the 30’s were experiencing a much greater unemployment rate that was two to three times greater than everyone else.The African Americans in the 1920’s were not treated that bad and made money, had jobs, and were very successful in making their own communities. Also bankers were impacted by the economy. At the start of The Great Depression many of the banks had to close because all of the people that went into debt went to the bank looking for money to pay the stock market back, but the banks did not have any money to give them. When a bank would close all the bankers their lost their jobs and started to not make any money. Once FDR stepped in as the president he gave the banks a one day holiday so they can deliver money to the banks. Once they reopened he convinced people to invest their money in the banks and to trust the banks.

The impact of the economy on African Americans

African Americans that are working and seem to be very unhappy about their job.

Impact of the crash on the banks

People swarming the bank to get their money to pay off their debt to the stock market.

Impact of the crash on the banks

Many people rushed to banks to get their money in order to pay their debts. It seems like they are crammed into a little space trying to push each other out of the way to get the money.

Home Life of The Great Depression/1930's

Home life changed drastically during The Great Depression. The tragedy from the Great Depression caused different groups of people to change from the 1920’s to the 1930’s. In the 1920’s urban life was very fun and people were very optimistic about what was to come next. People would go out and dance, go to cinemas, go out of town, go to speakeasies, and listen or play music. In the 1930’s it was different many people became poor and lost homes so they did not even have a home life. In the 1920’s rural life was more traditional. People were following the lives of their ancestors while people in urban areas changed their lifestyles completely. The wealthy people of America were not affected at all and they could still live the life like they did in the 1920’s. The middle and working class on the other hand had their wages lowered and got more hours than regular. They had to adjust to the way of living and had to learn to make do with what they were making from work. The poor people, though, had no money, got fired from jobs, lost their houses, and started living a life way different than they used to. They had to go to soup kitchens in order to not starve and they lived in hoovervilles were they made houses out of anything they could find. Hoovervilles were very small and very unsanitary. Also many people went from work camp to work camp trying to work and have a place to stay. This had a big impact on the families of the poor people. They were always on the move if they did not have a house and they had to bring all of their stuff wherever they went. The women were certainly affected by The Great Depression and the change in home life. The women started having to stay home and do what they had to before the 19th amendment was made. The government was too involved in getting men back to work and trying to get the country running again that they ignored the women. The women didn’t have as much recognition during the Great Depression as they did before. Another group of people that were affected were the farmers. Their home life was pretty much them staying inside or struggling to farm. The dust storms of The Great Depression caused farmers to not be able to make money by planting crops. Also there houses got destroyed by rocks flying in the air and the sand. Their home life used to be good when they could produce products and money, but now that is not the case.

Home life of women in the 1930's

A women working hard at home doing laundry.

The impact of tragedy on women

A sad, badly clothed women with kids that look dirty and raggedy.

Home life for women

A woman that seems fine that just had a baby and has another kid that looks dirty.

Home life for women

A women that seems to be thinking and has a baby that is crying. She is living in a tent and is very dirty.

Home life for women

A women with her kid that seem to be sad and dirty, with a tent in the back that looks like their home.

Home life for farmers

The South having a big dust storm that destroys a lot of the houses. It seems like there are a lot of other pieces of stuff flying through the air.

Leisure Time of The Great Depression/1930's

Also leisure time changed during The Great Depression. In the 1920’s people's leisure time was very different. There were a lot of modern conveniences coming out such as the radio, credit, and the washing machine. Also people spent a lot of time in speakeasies. Once prohibition happened many people spent their time in speakeasies drinking and partying. The new system of credit allowed people to buy more luxuries and they started to buy whatever they wanted. Many people used the radio too. People would gather around the radio and listen to it in free time. Women's leisure time changed very much and they were more limited on what they could do in their leisure time. Women in the 1930’s could not enjoy an evening out of the town because they did not have enough money so they decided to dance their troubles away. Also they went to the cinema and created art to get away from struggles. African Americans leisure time changed too. They used to do art, listen to music, and express their culture during their leisure time and during The Great Depression they they only had jazz left, but they still enjoyed it. During The Great Depression African Americans lives changed and they weren’t treated that great, so they didn’t have as much to do in their leisure time.

Leisure time for African Americans

A jazz group playing music to get away from the struggle of The Great Depression.

Leisure time for women

Many people went to the movies to get away from the struggle.

Role of Government of The Great Depression/1930's

The final thing that changed a lot was the Role of Government. The role of government in the 1920’s was based off a laissez faire policy and had lots of optimism. In the 20’s there were three republican presidents that believed in the laissez faire policy so they just left businesses alone and let them do what they wanted.The role of government went from that to a government in the 1930’s that started off horrible with president Hoover being elected. He tried making the bonus army were if people went to war than they would get a place to stay and food there. Also when they came back they were guaranteed money. He overall just tried to get the people out of The Great Depression, but he just could not so when the election came around they voted for FDR. When Franklin D Roosevelt was elected he got everyone out of the depression and gave people hope and showed confidence. He created the New Deal program which helped out all of the problems starting with the banks. He closed all of the banks for a day and gave them money to reopen and convinced the people to invest their money into the banks. Women were affected a lot by the role of government. Eleanor Roosevelt (FDR’s wife) promoted women's rights and gave them hope. Eleanor helped women to get their rights back and go to work again. Eleanor really changed the relationship between the government and the women. The farmers were also impacted by the new role of government. During the new deal farmers got free cattle to start making their crops and getting their farms running again. If the new deal didn’t help the farmers than it would have taken a lot longer for them to recover.

Impact of the role of government on African Americans

African Americans fighting to not get hired last and fired first.

Impact of the role of government on African Americans

An African family sitting by the fire. It seems like on the wall in the back that the house isn't in that good of shape.

Impact of the role of government on farmers

The New Deal gave farmers free cattle to get the farms going again.

The role of governments impact on women

Elanor Roosevelt, the women who encouraged all the other women.

Role of government on farmers

Farmers hard at work trying to make a living and trying to make it through the depression.

Role of government on farmers

Farmers that seem to be working hard and seem sad about their job.

If it wasn't for the tragedy in the 1930's than there would have been no impact on the human experience and the way they live. They had to adjust to the new way of living with tragedy going on.

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