The Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa BY: Tori Baumgartner & Malorie Hamrick

Land Use

The main way people use land in the Sub-Sahara is Subsistence farming. The problems they run into is that they do not sell it so, they don't get enough money. Only few farmers there sell their products.

Example of subsistence farming, and the life it causes people to have by not selling it.

Natural Resources

Two “precious” or “valuable” resources that are found in Africa are Gold deposits and industrial diamonds. Nearly half of the worlds gold supply comes from the Sub-Saharan Africa.

Examples of the two most precious resources found in the Sub-Saharan Africa.

Democratic Republic of Congo

The 3 “T” minerals that the Dem. Rep. of Congo are tantalum, tin and tungsten tantalum stores are the 3 t’s. They made cellphones, computers, cameras, etc. Armed rebel groups took control of the mines, they forced people to work in the mines and find the valuables. They bribe the government to keep the government out of the mines so they don't take it and the money. Then they buy better weapons with that money so they seem more threatening. The problems this causes is that the government does nothing so Africa gets none of the money.

How people in the Dem. Rep. of Congo live, and the control of this country.

GDP Per Capita

The five nations with the Highest GDP per capita are Mauritius with $12,800, South Africa with $11,100, Botswana with $9,200, Seychelles with $7,800, and Namibia with $7,300. Sixteen of the Sub-Saharan African countries have a GDP lower than $1,000. Those 5 highest GDP countries have higher GDP's because of they have more natural resources, and they trade more than the 16 competing countries.

African mines, traders, farm animals, and resources from the mines.

Life Expectancy

Out of 31 lowest life expectancy countries, 28 of them are from the Sub-Saharan Africa. The main reason for this is, because of HIV/AIDS. 35,000,000 in Africa have died from this.

People from Africa.

Three kingdoms of west africa

The Three kingdoms of Africa are, Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. They were all in power from 800 CE- 1600 CE. They all traded in the Sub-Saharan Trade Network. They mostly traded gold and salt. West Africa brought gold, North Africa brought salt.

Slaves on the Trans-Saharan Network

Muslims couldn't enslave other Muslims, so they traded for African slaves. They then used those slaves for wars, since wars were going on. It was different from the European enslavement because the Muslim slaves were over all treated better. The Muslim slaves could become generals on war, they could buy property, and they could have their own slaves.


King Mansa Musa and Timbuktu

Mansa Musa was the king of Mali, he is worth over $400,000,000,000. In his famous journey to Hajj he had 80 camels carrying 300 lbs of gold each, 500 slaves carrying 4 lb gold staffs, and his wife's 500 servants along the way. He brought along a total of 60,000 people. Timbuktu is the center of Islamic learning. The academic fields studied in this city are mathematics, music, law, and literature.

City of Timbuktu.

Ibn Battuta: Explorer

Ibn was 21 when he began his famous journey. He set out from Fez, Morocco. He traveled an estimate of 75,000 miles. He was 51 when her stopped traveling. When his travels were over, he settled down to dictate his memoir, he wrote the 1st travel book called "the Rihta."

Statue of Ibn


Created with images by WenPhotos - "orphan africa african" • Hamed Saber - "The Nomads' Simple Life" • ToGa Wanderings - "Misty Rice Paddies" • James St. John - "Gold mass (alluvial gold) (Kalgoorlie region, Western Australia) 1" • James St. John - "Kimberlite (Premier Kimberlite Pipe, Mesoproterozoic, ~1.2 Ga; Premier Mine, near Cullinan, northeastern South Africa)" • US Army Africa - "MEDFLAG 2010, Opening Ceremony, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, September 2010" • Oxfam East Africa - "Annie: "I am scared the rebels will come here"" • US Army Africa - "MEDFLAG 2010, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, September 2010" • Oxfam East Africa - "Shelters made from leaves" • US Army Africa - "Uganda railways assessment 2010" • James St. John - "Silver (Mesoproterozoic, 1.05-1.06 Ga; Wolverine Mine, Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA) 3" • South African Tourism - "Kromdraai Gold Mine Museum, Magaliesberg, Gauteng, South Africa" • US Army Africa - "Uganda railways assessment 2010" • hdptcar - "Young boy listening to HIV/AID prevention discussions" • CDC Global Health - "Walking through Kakuma Refugee Camp" • Retlaw Snellac Photography - "tribes of kenia" • Jeff Attaway - "kid" • lilien98 - "ghana west africa africa" • upyernoz - "Timbuktu Street" • Kibi86 - "mosque mali mud" • mexolive - "slave castle elmina ghana" • The Alliance of Religions and Conservation - "SAMSUNG" • upyernoz - "Timbuktu du Nord" • upyernoz - "Timbuktu Street" • upyernoz - "Gordon Laing House, Timbuktu" • LoggaWiggler - "khiva al khwarazmi universal scholar"

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