Bigoted: believing others opinions and taking them to consideration when deciding one's own opinion.
Allegations: a claim that someone did something illegal or wrong, without proof of evidence.
Irrefutable: cannot deny or disapprove.
Scrutiny: very in depth observation or examination.
Misconduct: bad/ unacceptable behavior by a professional person or employee.
Preponderance: being greater in numbers, importance, or quantity.
Legitimacy: being able to validate something and have justification.
Exculpate: declaring that someone is not guilty of doing something bad.
Does the Department of Justice punish cops differently than citizens?
Police are given different punishment in comparison to the citizens when the same misconduct is reported. According to the united states department of justice, “Finally, in criminal cases, DOJ seeks to punish a wrongdoer for past misconduct through imprisonment or other sanction. In civil cases, DOJ seeks to correct a law enforcement agency's policies and practices that fostered the misconduct and, where appropriate, may require individual relief for the victim(s)”. In investigations the department of justice has to decide the punishment for whoever is being accused whether or not if they are a cop or a citizen, however when cops are reported to do the same thing the law enforcement. In the article Do Their Punishments Really Fit Their Crimes show statistics about their punishments, “In Chicago there were approximately 17,700 complaints against police. Approximately half of those were race-based. Only 800 of those were actually deemed worthy enough to be looked at, and out of those 800, only 45% of the officers involved were given a ‘reprimand,’ 37% suspended (however 75% of those suspensions were five days or less), and the rest all resigned on their own, not wanting to face the consequences”(Do Their Punishments Really Fit Their Crimes). This study shows that there are many police that are reported but not very many get punished for very long and isn’t as drastic as the citizens punishments when they are being violent. In conclusion, the police that are being reported for misconduct cases are not receiving the same punishment as the citizens that are being violent to the cops.
How are the cops and citizens questioned when these misconducts are reported?
The questioning process is different for both cops and civilians after a incident is reported to the Department of Justice. Levine describes the questioning process of police investigation, “ Police, in most jurisdictions, have a special shield against interrogation known as the Law Enforcement Officers' Bill of Rights (LEOBOR)” (Levine). Police get a different type of questioning process than regular suspects do because they are allowed rights to protect them from the interrogation after these allegations are reported. In the article “Killer Cops Have More Rights”, the give examples of how cops go through the questioning process. For instance, cops get a time to “cool off” before having to be questioned, when they are questioned they have to have more than one person interrogating them and it has to be at a reasonable hour this is different from civilians questioning because they can get questioned at any hour and it could be by just one person. Clearly, this shows the differences in the cops questioning process and some of the positive sides of their questioning and how it cannot be the same as regular civilians questioning since they are apart of the law enforcement. In conclusion, cops and civilians do get different methods of how they have to have their interrogations after a misconduct is reported.
What changes in Police training need to occur in order for these misconduct reports to stop happening?
Police training is not the cause of these police brutality cases it is more the cops themselves and their reactions. Police Chief Grady gives his thoughts on police training, “This is not a training issue. This is an issue of who it is that we’ve decided we would allow to police our country” (Grady). This shows that it is not necessarily the training that is causing these problems it is the people that they are hiring into the law enforcement that are reacting to these situations which then lead to misconduct like cases that are reported. The article “How Police Training Contributes to Avoidable Deaths” they explain how cops are trained to react in their best interest and do what they think is safe and that they should see different options and solutions rather than use the aggressive way out. Being in the police force it is very difficult, they risk their lives going out there and doing their job so at times they do have to react fast and in the way they think is the safest. Cops should be more aware with how this reaction method could play out but many of them die from their line of duty and it is just a job that is difficult and very on the spot at times. In conclusion cops training is not the issue that we need to address it is however who we are hiring and how they should react and think of the outcomes that can come from misconduct situations.
How do people view cops now with all these reported incidences?
Many people's perspectives on cops have changed over the years and increasingly grew to more people disagreeing with them because of these misconduct like cases that have been happening. In the article Why We Always Find Excuses for Cops Who Kill the author Issac Bailey makes sarcastic comments, “Because cops are good men doing impossible jobs, nothing is more important than shielding them from unfair criticism. Because treating them as though they are guilty until proven innocent would be wrong” (Bailey). Including Issac Bailey, many people feel very negatively towards cops because they feel as though cops get away with things and that they do not get blamed for some of these reported misconducts that happen. The National Institute of Justice explains how the perceptions of cops are based off of a few things including media, personal interactions also cause people to have different opinions on cops, along with the ongoing research that they have been doing on cops. Many people have their own bigoted opinions on cops and many of them are coming from lots of different sources that influence them to either be against or for cops. Media has big toll on these opinions cause many sources online are biased and only share one side of these misconducts that are reported. Overall, there are many different opinions on cops but many of the negative opinions have been growing recently because of these police brutality cases that have occurred so many people are against them and think that they are all guilty and bad cops.
Have these cases of police misconducts increased or decreased over the years?
Police Brutality has not been increasing or decreasing over the years, it is however just the media sources giving out more information that is not always reliable about these misconduct cases. In the article Police Killings Rise Slightly, Though Increased Focus May Suggest Otherwise states, “Federal experts have long acknowledged that that estimate is too low, and a handful of more recent, unofficial reports — online databases compiled and fact-checked by volunteers — place the toll much higher, at about 1,100 deaths a year, or three a day. Yet they do not suggest that the pace of police killings or the racial composition of victims as a group has changed significantly in the last two years or so” (Wines, Cohen). This statistic shows that the deaths that have been reported over the years have not been true and there really has been a lot every year so it hasn’t really changed it is just some of the statistics say the wrong numbers. Eliott McLaughlin from the article We’re Not Seeing More Police Shootings, Just More News Coverage claims that it is not necessarily the fact that the numbers of police brutality cases have increased; but it is just the amount of irrefutable evidence on each case that gets put on the news is causing more reactions to come from these police brutality incidents. A lot of people are finding out more and hearing more about this topic because of the news and media sources. These sources are not always reliable because a lot of online stories and coverage is very biased. In conclusion, police brutality is becoming more known and talked about because of media and these sources are causing people to believe that it is increasing when in reality it has always been a problem it just has been more noticed by the media in the past few years.