Cellular Respiration Formula
Glucose + Oxygen ---> Carbon Dioxide + Water + ATP
Location of Glycolysis = Cytoplasm
Organisms that perform Glycolysis = All living organisms, Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes, animals and some plants.
Inputs = Glucose (starts glycolysis), which makes 2NADH, 2 pyruvate, ATP
Outputs = 2ATP & 2NADH.
A net of 2 ATP are made
The Krebs Cycle
Also known as the Citric Acid Cycle
Location of the Krebs Cycle = matrix of the mitochondria
Organisms that go through the Krebs Cycle = practically every organism that goes through Cellular respiration, because the Krebs Cycle is apart of that process. (Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes, animals and some plants).
Conditions to perform the Krebs Cycle = Oxygen is needed, as well as the two pyruvate from glycolysis.
Inputs = acetyl CoA, NAD+, FAD, ADP, and inorganic phosphate
Outputs = Carbon Dioxide, NADH, FADH 2, 2 ATP
Electron Transport Chain
!!!!Where the majority of the ATP is made!!!!
Location of E.T.C. = cristae of the mitochondria
Organisms that go throught Electron Transport Chain= practically every organism that goes through Cellular respiration, because the E.T.C. is apart of that process. (Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes, animals and some plants).
Conditions needed = FAD and NAD are needed from the Krebs Cycle.
Inputs = NADH and FADH2
Outputs = 34 ATP
Chemical Energy Produced by Cellular Respiration / Glycolysis = 38 ATP
The importance of Cellular Respiration is that it is the provider of energy to living organisms. And when these living organisms are given energy, they are able to perform other processes that are needed to stay alive. Around the globe there are people able to perform simple actions like walking and talking. Actions like that use energy, which we could not get if it weren't for aerobic respiration and the Krebs Cycle and the Electron Transport Chain. Locally, cellular respiration is important because if one process of creating energy (such as photosynthesis, Krebs Cycle, Electron Transport Chain, etc.) it could turn into a domino effect and stop the creation/production of energy for living organisms like ourselves.
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