The North Pole Created by sil wijgergangs and Nina verhoeven

Exhibition

At 6th of April the first persons reached the geographic North Pole, they where Robert Edwin Pearly, Matthew Henson and four Inuit (Eskimos from Greenland or Canada); Ootah, Seegloo, Egingway and Oqueah. Robert has been claimed to be the first person who has reached the North Pole.

This is Robert Pealy. The first person on the North Pole.

The North Pole Climate

The North Pole is warmer than the South Pole. The North Pole lies in the middle of the ocean on drift ice, rather the South Pole is a continental land mass far above the sea-level. The temperature in the winter on the North Pole is between -50 and -13°C. In the end of November in 2013 the average temperature was 20°C higher than normally. It is average 85.83% chance of humidity. The North Pole lays 1 meter above the sea level. The North Pole gets average every day 161 cubic kilometre new ice in November. But this year it is 10% less; average 139 cubic kilometre. The North Pole, and a huge streak area around it, is covered by ice. It is not land ice, like on the Antarctic and Greenland, but it is sea-ice. The sea-ice is average between the 1 and 4 meters thick and exists of frozen ocean water. If the temperature keeps staying it will have consequences for the environment. Academics have expectations that the sea level, because melting of the ice caps on the North Pole, the coming centuries will rise with 1 meter. Because of the rising of the sea level the chance of flood, ground shifting and bottom sag will grow. Polar region is the indication for the place north of the North Pole Circle(the Arctic). At the northern hemisphere is the Northern Ice-sea. There are a few differences between the North Pole and the South Pole, like:

  • the North Pole is fig by continents, the South Pole is fig by the ocean.
  • the North Pole is 1 meter above the sea level, the South Pole is 2835 meter above the sea level.
  • the average temperature of a year on the North Pole is -18°C, the average temperature of a year on the South Pole is -50°C.

These differences all have something to do with the melting of the ice caps. Because the ice is melting the North Pole lays lower than the South Pole. Because it’s colder on the South Pole, the ice don’t melt (very fast). The ice is melting on the North Pole, there is it warmer.

The Northern light

The Aurora or the northern light/the polar light is a natural display in the sky, predominantly seen in the high latitude (the Arctic and Antarctic) regions. The Aurora is a light phenomena in the earth's atmosphere that in the darkness can be observe. People see it especially in geographic latitude. Other names are the northern light (aurora borealis) and southern light (aurora australis). If the polar light itselfs shows, we see a light glow or is the light visible as moving curve, steel bundle or curtains of light and very selden it is flaming. Sometimes there is a bow at the northern horizon from where the light beams as searchlights shoot upwards.

Life on the North Pole

Animals that live in the North Pole adapt to their climate. The most impressive animals of the North Pole are the Polar bears. They are often born in a Ice Case and by their mother takes care of until they reach adulthood. Despite that Polar bears are very large and heavy, they are not exactly slow. On the country they reach a speed of 40 km per hour in the water about 10 km per hour. Polar bears are carnivores and often have great hungry, they eat than, for example, seals and Arctic foxes. Did you know that:

  • The Polar bear the largest land predator in the world is.
  • A Polar bear between 18 and 25 years old can be.
  • A Polar bear especially seals eat.
  • A Polar bear can weigh 800 kilos.
  • A Polar bear a thick subcutaneous fat layer that keeps him warm.
  • A Polar bear hairy soles to more grip on the ice.
  • On the South Pole no Polar bears live.

Different animals that live in the North Pole:

  • Arctic foxes
  • Musk oxen
  • Reindeer
  • Snow Hare
  • Lemmings

The marine mammals of the North Pole and the South Pole are quite similar, there are also common on both the poles for the same marine mammals.

No people live on the North Pole, but in the countries to the North Pole. We call these people often Eskimos. Eskimo means “raw meat eater”. Later, also on the North Pole eskimos go live in small villages. At the North Pole you do not see you a lot of people, if you want to live at the North Pole you need thick layers of clothing because different parts of your body freeze. At the North Pole you come on foot not far, cycling is not successful, cars they do have but there are not always roads so people at the North Pole a sled to get around. Such a sled pulled by special word dogs. But the best way to move yourself at the North Pole is of course a Snow scooter.

Differences between the North Pole and the South Pole

  • Within the North Pole Circle is home to some 4 million people. No one lives in the South Pole, except a number of researchers.
  • The North Pole consists to a large extent of sea ice and the South Pole consists to a large extent of land ice.
  • On the South Pole freezing the average 49 degrees Celsius. At the North Pole it’s a lot warmer with an average of 34 degrees below zero.
  • Researchers fear that the ice at the North Pole will melt but the only word on the South Pole but cooler.

Facts

  • The North pole is not a continent and only exists but from ice. The ice pack is between 1 and 4 metres thick.
  • A survey has shown that the polar ice by global warming gradually melts. It is expected that the ice around 2100 disappeared. In Winter the temperature drops such that ice is formed. Summer shines in the melting it again.
  • The North pole is interesting for many countries because of the petroleum and natural gas in the area. The reserve of petroleum is sufficient for 3 years, natural gas for 10 years.
  • The North Pole is the most northern area on the Earth.
  • The North Pole become also called arctic, and that means “The land of the bears”.

Credits:

Created with images by MemoryCatcher - "icebergs ice antarctica" • janeb13 - "aurora borealis alaska space" • skeeze - "polar bears wildlife snow"

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