John Fitzgerald Kennedy The 35 president of the United States

Introduction

John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy, frequently called JFK, was an American politician and president from 1960 until his assassination in 1963. The Cuban Missile Crisis, the founding of the Peace Corps, and the Civil Rights Movement are just a few of the many things that took place during his presidency.

Early Years

On May 29, 1917, John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born to Patrick Joseph and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy in Brookline, Massachusetts. John had one older brother and seven younger brothers and sisters. He was also he grandson of John Francis Fitzgerald, the popular Boston mayor Honey Fitz. At the age of three, John, also known as Jack, was in the hospital for scarlet fever which was deadly at the time. He almost died and had to stay in the hospital for over a month. In 1936 John graduated from Choate, a boarding school in Connecticut. While he was there he played tennis, basketball, football and golf.

John and his siblings( left above)John at age eleven( right above) John's yearbook photo at Choate (above)

Once he graduated he was immediately accepted to Harvard, just as his brother Joe had been. While there he also played football, but suffered a back injury that took him out of football and affected him for the rest of his life. While at school, John's father was chosen to be the U.S. ambassador to England, which he accepted. This left John and Joe to fend for themselves here in states. In the summer of 1937 he went to visit his family in England and during his trip he gained his interest in government and politics. When he returned to school he became more involved in the school government. He also became more eager to learn about government history as well as current events.

John F. Kennedy right after his graduation from Harvard

War Hero

In 1940 John graduated from Harvard. Immediately he and his brother joined the Navy. While in the Navy he was promoted to Lieutenant (Lt). And was assigned to the south pacific as a crew commander. On August 2 1943 Johns PT-109 was directly hit by a Japanese destroyer and torn apart. 2 of John's men died while the others managed to jump from the ship before the ship was hit. John was slammed into the cockpit re-injuring his back, but he didn't give up. With an injured back he towed one of his men who had been badly injured and lead the rest of his men to an island several miles away. After four days on the island without food or water, the one hundred and nine men, led by Kennedy, set out to a different island were they found coconuts to eat. After making sure that the crew had enough food and coconut water to last for a couple of days, Kennedy set out yet again to the island of Nauru. The natives offered to row the men to the mainland, but Kennedy feared he would be seen by on of the Japanese, so instead he carved a message into one of the coconuts and told a native to bring it to the shore. When the next morning the natives returned with provisions and water, Kennedy discovered that there was also a letter from the Coast Guard Commander from New Zealand. The letter told him to go with the natives to go with the natives where the New Zealand forces would help reunite them with the American forces. After spending six long days on different islands, John and his crew were finally able to return home. For his service in the war, John received the Navy and Marine Corps Medal and the Purple Heart.

Kennedy in the Navy

Main Accomplishments

One of Kennedy's main accomplishments was stopping a nuclear war. In 1962, after failed attempts to over throw Cuba's leader Fidel Castro, the soviet union's premier Nikita Khrushchev and Fidel made a secret agreement to place nuclear missiles in Cuba to try and prevent America from taking over. Three months later a U.S spy plane photographed the missile site in Cuba. President Kennedy considered an U.S air strike to destroy the missiles, but he didn't want to start a nuclear war. After days deliberation, Kennedy finally decided to build a naval blockade around Cuba to prevent the Russians from bringing more nuclear weapons. For thirteen days, the world was on the edge of a nuclear war, but due to Kennedy's leadership, a peaceful resolution was made. In a major crisis, Kennedy still stayed strong, and was viewed as a national hero. Another one of his accomplishments was establishing the Peace Corps. In March of 1961, Kennedy created the Peace Corps, a program where young people can volunteer to be sent abroad to help promote world peace and friendship. This was his first great achievement as president.

JFK greeting volunteers(above left) JFK on Cuban Missile Crisis(above right)

Goals

One of John F Kennedy's main goals was to send a man to land on the moon, and then safely return back to earth.On May 25, 1961, Kennedy stood before Congress and set a goal of "landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth" by the end of the decade. He asked Congress for $7 billion to $9 billion to fund the space program. Sadly, the first moon landing occurred in 1969, six years after his death. Even though he did not live to see it, Kennedy's speech transformed NASA and the space program.

Influence on the World

John F Kennedy changed the world when he became the 35th president of the United States. Some of his greatest accomplishments include founding the Peace Corps. Since its establishment, over 225,000 volunteers have served in 141 different countries.

Opinion

In my opinion, John F Kennedy was not only a great president, but also a great person as well. He accomplished many things during his career, and many of them helped make America the America we know today.

Biopoem

John

Charismatic, war hero, president

Husband of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

Who loved equality, kindness, and unification

Who loved to help others, disliked communism, and believed in an united America

Who feared a nuclear war, and a divided America

Who founded the Peace Corps, ended the Cuban Missile Crisis, and emphasized public service

Who wanted to see a man on the moon, and wanted world peace,

Born in Massachusetts, lived in Washington D.C

Kennedy

Conclusion

John F Kennedy probably would have accomplished many other great things if not for his death on November 22, 1963. He was in Dallas Texas in a car driving down a street when gun shots rang out. Kennedy was in critical condition and died shortly after. He was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald, only to be fatally gunned down by Jack Ruby, an American nightclub owner and murderer, two days later. No one knows why Jack Ruby did this, and it is still a mystery today.

Bibliography

Dissette, James. “In Kennedy's Room.” Talbot Spy, 19 Nov. 2013, talbotspy.org/in-kennedys-rooms/.

https://www.peacecorps.gov/news/fast-facts/

“Life of John F Kennedy.” John F Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/Life-of-John-F-Kennedy.aspx.

John F. Kennedy "Landing a man on the Moon" Address to Congress - May 25, 1961. Youtube, 2010. You Tube, www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUXuV7XbZvU. Accessed 2Mar. 2017.

“John F Kennedy Photo History.” The History Place, The History Place , 1996, www.historyplace.com/kennedy/early.htm.

Zuzahin. “Future President John F Kennedy Just after His Graduation from Harvard, in the Summer of 1940.”Https://Www.reddit.com/r/ColorizedHistory/Comments/2wvhfj/future_president_john_f_kennedy_just_after_his/, 23 Feb. 2015. Accessed 1 Mar. 2017.

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