John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy, frequently called JFK, was an American politician and president from 1960 until his assassination in 1963. The Cuban Missile Crisis, the founding of the Peace Corps, and the Civil Rights Movement are just a few of the many things that took place during his presidency.
On May 29, 1917, John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born to Patrick Joseph and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy in Brookline, Massachusetts. John had one older brother and seven younger brothers and sisters. He was also he grandson of John Francis Fitzgerald, the popular Boston mayor Honey Fitz. At the age of three, John, also known as Jack, was in the hospital for scarlet fever which was deadly at the time. He almost died and had to stay in the hospital for over a month. In 1936 John graduated from Choate, a boarding school in Connecticut. While he was there he played tennis, basketball, football and golf.
Once he graduated he was immediately accepted to Harvard, just as his brother Joe had been. While there he also played football, but suffered a back injury that took him out of football and affected him for the rest of his life. While at school, John's father was chosen to be the U.S. ambassador to England, which he accepted. This left John and Joe to fend for themselves here in states. In the summer of 1937 he went to visit his family in England and during his trip he gained his interest in government and politics. When he returned to school he became more involved in the school government. He also became more eager to learn about government history as well as current events.
In 1940 John graduated from Harvard. Immediately he and his brother joined the Navy. While in the Navy he was promoted to Lieutenant (Lt). And was assigned to the south pacific as a crew commander. On August 2 1943 Johns PT-109 was directly hit by a Japanese destroyer and torn apart. 2 of John's men died while the others managed to jump from the ship before the ship was hit. John was slammed into the cockpit re-injuring his back, but he didn't give up. With an injured back he towed one of his men who had been badly injured and lead the rest of his men to an island several miles away. After four days on the island without food or water, the one hundred and nine men, led by Kennedy, set out to a different island were they found coconuts to eat. After making sure that the crew had enough food and coconut water to last for a couple of days, Kennedy set out yet again to the island of Nauru. The natives offered to row the men to the mainland, but Kennedy feared he would be seen by on of the Japanese, so instead he carved a message into one of the coconuts and told a native to bring it to the shore. When the next morning the natives returned with provisions and water, Kennedy discovered that there was also a letter from the Coast Guard Commander from New Zealand. The letter told him to go with the natives to go with the natives where the New Zealand forces would help reunite them with the American forces. After spending six long days on different islands, John and his crew were finally able to return home. For his service in the war, John received the Navy and Marine Corps Medal and the Purple Heart.
One of Kennedy's main accomplishments was stopping a nuclear war. In 1962, after failed attempts to over throw Cuba's leader Fidel Castro, the soviet union's premier Nikita Khrushchev and Fidel made a secret agreement to place nuclear missiles in Cuba to try and prevent America from taking over. Three months later a U.S spy plane photographed the missile site in Cuba. President Kennedy considered an U.S air strike to destroy the missiles, but he didn't want to start a nuclear war. After days deliberation, Kennedy finally decided to build a naval blockade around Cuba to prevent the Russians from bringing more nuclear weapons. For thirteen days, the world was on the edge of a nuclear war, but due to Kennedy's leadership, a peaceful resolution was made. In a major crisis, Kennedy still stayed strong, and was viewed as a national hero. Another one of his accomplishments was establishing the Peace Corps. In March of 1961, Kennedy created the Peace Corps, a program where young people can volunteer to be sent abroad to help promote world peace and friendship. This was his first great achievement as president.