The Evolution of Theater Nicole West Period 1

This is a photo of the Globe Theater created by William Shakespeare
This image shows the interior design and intricet work displayed inside the Globe Theater
In this photo you can see the tiers of people surronding the stage inside the Globe Theater
This is a tribut to Shakespeare and one of his finest works, the Globe Theater

Thesis- William Shakespeare has had a major impact on the world of theater, and was a major influence to many playwrights and actors around the world.

The Evolution of Theater-

A.The First Theater

Quote 1: "James Burbage built the first theater in England, just outside the City of London, in 1576. It was an enormous success and was quickly copied."

Commentary: This quote explains James Burbage, an actor at the time who built the first theater, lying outside the city walls of London called "The Theatre". James and the actors would play to an audience that stood surrounding the stage or in the tiers of the balcony that enveloped the stage. This new form of entertainment was loved and used by many people and continued to change and evolve as the years went by. This quote marks the start of a new era of theater that continually, and rapidly grew into a widely admired field of work in the city of London and beyond.

B. The First Theater Torn Down

Quote 2: "In 1599, Burbage's theater was torn down and it's timbers were used by Shakespeare and his company to build the Globe Theater."

Commentary: quote describes the first theater that was built and how it was torn down to build a new theater which became known as the Globe Theater. The Globe Theater was a round building in cased with a large stage where the actors would perform to an audience. Without the tearing down of James Burbage's Theater, who knows when the Globe Theater would have been build and how differently theater as a whole would have evolved.

C. The Globe Theater

Quote 3: "Globe Theatre was an early open-air English theater in London. Most of the great English playwright William Shakespeare's plays were first presented at the Globe. The brothers Cuthbert and Richard Burbage constructed the theater in 1599 from the timbers of London's first playhouse, called The Theatre. "

Commentary: This quote describes the Globe Theatre. The Globe Theatre was the first theater permanent theater. Usually playwrights that wanted to perform their plays would play wherever they could rent a space. However, because of the Globe Theater was created actors had a temporary space where they could create more elaborate scenes for each of their plays. Without the formation of the Globe Theater, actors would not have the same social status they received when theater was created.

More on the Globe Theater

A.Design of the Globe Theater-

Quote 1: "The actors would erect a temporary platform stage at one end of the yard and play to an audience that stood around the stage or sat in tiers of balconies that surrounded the courtyard."

Commentary: During this time, plays were available to all people and the seating was according to social worth. For example, the poorest people would remain at the bottom closest to the stage, while the richest would stay at the tallest tiers farthest from the stage. Although being closer to the stage seems like it would be more expensive, the groundlings were not protected from the weather and ended up suffering if it rained. Overall, the design of the Theater has changed a lot when in comparison to old times. If this design had never been thought of who knows what the modern theater would look like?

B. Timeline of the Globe Theater:

Quote 2: "Globe Theater London playhouse, built in 1598, where most of Shakespeare's plays were first presented. It burned in 1613, was rebuilt in 1614, and was destroyed by the Puritans in 1644. A working replica opened in 1997."

Commentary: This quote describes the timeline of the Globe Theatre. It explains how the theater was built, torn down and rebuilt again. This great feat changed the way theater was perceived forever. The Globe Theater gave playwrights an outlet to express their creativity and explore new things. Without the formation Globe Theater, a new world of entertainment may not have been brought to the general public for many years to come.

C. Popular Theater Reconstructions-

Quote 3: "Reconstructions such as Shakespeare’s Globe in London and the Blackfriars Playhouse in Staunton, Virginia introduce opportunities for the study of contemporary performance of Shakespeare at the turn of the twenty-first century."

Commentary: This quote talks about the reconstructions of theaters, including the Globe Theater. Theaters that have been reconstructed are mostly very well known theaters that made an impact in the past. Although the theater was torn down it was rebuilt and brought back for man more people to experience and enjoy. The Globe was a turning point in theater, and was thankfully reconstructed for people to enjoy in later years and beyond.

William Shakespeare

A.Early Life-

Quote 1: "While little is known of Shakespeare's boyhood, he probably attended the grammar school in Stratford, where he would have been educated in the classics, particularly Latin grammar and literature."

Commentary: Although there's not much information that gives insight on Shakespeare's childhood, we do know that William Shakespeare came from a big family and was one out of eight children. Articles conquer that he was born around April 23rd, 1564 in Stratford. Also, Shakespeare has a background in good education. Like the quote states Shakespeare most likely attended a grammar school in Stratford where he would study many forms of education. Overall, although little is known about Shakespeare's life, the things he did later in his lifetime are truly unforgettable.

B. Midlife-

Quote 2: " In 1582 Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, eight years his senior and pregnant at the time of the marriage. They had three children: Susanna, born in 1583, and twins, Hamnet and Judith, born in 1585."

Commentary: This quote describes Shakespeare's transition into adulthood. When Shakespeare was 18 years he married a woman named Anne Hathaway who was eight years older than he was. They ended up having a set of twins as while as a third daughter. This era of Shakespeare's life is very special, because only a few years later he began pursuing a career as a playwright and actor.

C. Late Life-

Quote 3: "Throughout the 1590’s, Shakespeare’s reputation continued to grow. From 1594 to 1608, he was fully involved in the London theater world. In addition to his duties as a sharer and actor in the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, he wrote an average of almost two plays a year for his company."

Commentary: During Shakespeare's later years he began to grow as a playwright and actor writing and performing in many plays. The work Shakespeare did during these years are unforgettable and he really left a big mark in theater during his time. William Shakespeare changed the way theater was looked and a reversed it into something for everyone .

D. Shakespeare’s Passing

Quote 4: "The plays that Shakespeare wrote in the final years of his career are sometimes classified as romances. They conform less closely to conventional genres of comedy or tragedy, mixing elements from several genres within one work."

Commentary:In Shakespeare's final years before passing on April 23, 1616 he created many plays surrounding the topics and exploring the emotions of tragedy and sadness. Although the death of Shakespeare was saddening the work he created during his lifetime was everlasting and still talked about today.

Works Cited:

Book

Chapter or Section- Anderson, Robert. "Shakespeare and His Theater: A Perfect Match." Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 778-79.

Reference Source

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"Burbage." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.

Created: 11/30/16 07:59 AM

Reference Source

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Lander, Jesse M. "Shakespeare, William." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 8 Dec. 2016.

Created: 12/07/16 05:29 PM

Book

Chapter or Section

Anderson, Robert. "Shakespeare and His Theater: A Perfect Match." Holt Literature & Language Arts: Mastering the California Standards: Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking, by G. Kylene Beers et al., Austin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 2003, pp. 778-79.

Reference Source

Archive & annotate

Pye, Valerie Clayman. "Shakespeare's Globe: Theatre Architecture And The Performance Of Authenticity." Shakespeare (1745-0918)10.4 (2014): 411-427. Literary Reference Center. Web. 7 Dec. 2016.

Reference Source

Archive & annotate

Pye, Valerie Clayman. "Shakespeare's Globe: Theatre Architecture And The Performance Of Authenticity." Shakespeare (1745-0918) 10.4 (2014): 411-427. Literary Reference Center. Web. 7 Dec. 2016.

Reference Source

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Seidel, Michael. "Globe Theatre." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 2 Dec. 2016.

Reference Source

Archive & annotate

Shakespeare, William." Elizabethan World Reference Library, edited by Sonia G. Benson and Jennifer York Stock, vol. 2: Biographies, UXL, 2007, pp. 197-207. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/ i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=tmulvusd&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CCX2587000052&it=r &asid=f84b848efcbdec6df492f23db4e7b735. Accessed 7 Dec. 2016.

Reference Source

Archive & annotate

"William Shakespeare." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2016): 1-4. Literary Reference Center. Web. 7 Dec. 2016.

Credits:

Created with images by tonynetone - "William Shakespeare" • Photasia - "The Globe theatre - London" • JustABoy - "The Globe Theatre" • jig o'dance - "The Globe Theatre, London" • pablo.sanchez - "Excavations at the original Globe Theatre, London" • Andy Hay - "Globe Theatre" • inacentaurdump - "Globe Theatre" • tonynetone - "William Shakespeare"

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