COPD is also known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease its a group of diseases that cause airflow and breathing problems like asthma and bronchitis etc.
the causes for COPD could be tobacco smoke, exposure to polluted air, genetic factors and respiratory infections. also indoor air quality plays a role in COPD.
-Shortness of breath, especially during physical activities
-Having to clear your throat first thing in the morning, due to excess mucus in your lungs
-A chronic cough that may produce mucus (sputum) that may be clear, white, yellow or greenish
-Blueness of the lips or fingernail beds
-Frequent respiratory infections
-Lack of energy
-Unintended weight loss (in later stages)
-Swelling in ankles, feet or legs
Treatment of COPD requires a careful and thorough evaluation by a physician. COPD treatment can decrease the frequency and severity and increase exercise tolerance. Avoiding smoking and removing polluted air from the patient’s home or workplace are also important. Symptoms such as coughing or wheezing can be treated with medication though..
COPD can be prevented by avoiding smoking, polluted air, and respiratory infections to prevent getting COPD. Early detection can stop it by taking a simple test called spirometry.